Control of Breathing

FRANK L. POWELL, JR.

Control of Ventilation 316

Reflexes and Negative Feedback 316 Respiratory Rhythm Generation 317 Efferent Pathways 318 Ventilatory Response to Arterial Po2, Pco2, and pH 319

Central Chemoreceptors 319 Arterial Chemoreceptors 320 Ventilatory Response to PaCo2 321 Ventilatory Response to Arterial pH 322 Ventilatory Response to Pao2 322

Reflexes from the Lungs and Airways 323 Nose and Upper Airways 324 Lungs and Lower Airways 324 Pulmonary Stretch Receptors 324 Pulmonary Irritant Receptors 326 Bronchial C-Fibers 326 Juxtacapillary Receptors 326 Autonomic Nervous System in the Lungs 326 Integrated Ventilatory Responses 327 Acclimatization to High Altitude 327 Chronic Lung Disease 329

Get Rid of Gallstones Naturally

Get Rid of Gallstones Naturally

One of the main home remedies that you need to follow to prevent gallstones is a healthy lifestyle. You need to maintain a healthy body weight to prevent gallstones. The following are the best home remedies that will help you to treat and prevent gallstones.

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