The ovaries serve the dual function of producing eggs and the hormones that support reproductive functions. Unlike men, in whom large numbers of gametes are produced continuously from stem cells, women release only one gamete at a time from a limited pool of preformed gametes in a process that is repeated at regular monthly intervals. Each interval encompasses the time needed for the ovum to develop, for preparation of the reproductive tract to receive the fertilized ovum, and for that ovum to become fertilized and pregnancy to be established. If the ovary does not receive a signal that an embryo has begun to develop, the process of gamete maturation begins anew. The principal ovarian hormones are the steroids estradiol and progesterone and the peptide inhibin, which orchestrate the cyclic series of events that unfold in the ovary, pituitary, and reproductive tract. As the ovum develops within its follicle, estradiol stimulates growth of the structures of the reproductive tract that receive the sperm, facilitate fertilization, and ultimately house the developing embryo. Estradiol along with a variety of peptide growth factors produced in the developing follicle acts within the follicle to stimulate proliferation and secretory functions of granulosa cells and thereby enhances its own production. Progesterone is produced by the corpus luteum that develops from the follicle after the egg is shed. It prepares the uterus for successful implantation and growth of the embryo and is absolutely required for the maintenance of pregnancy. Ovarian function is driven by the two pituitary gonado-tropins follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and lutein-zing hormone (LH), which stimulate ovarian steroid production, growth of the follicle, ovulation, and development of the corpus luteum. Secretion of these hormones depends on stimulatory input from the hypothalamus through the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and complex inhibitory and stimulatory input from ovarian steroid and peptide hormones.
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One of the main home remedies that you need to follow to prevent gallstones is a healthy lifestyle. You need to maintain a healthy body weight to prevent gallstones. The following are the best home remedies that will help you to treat and prevent gallstones.