The epithelial cells that line the small and large intestines are bound together at their luminal-facing ends by a band of specialized proteins referred to as the zonulae occludens or tight junctions (Fig. 2). These junctions not only preserve the integrity of this sheet of cells, but also form the boundary between their apical (or luminal-facing) surfaces and their basolateral membranes, which face the serosa. These two membranes possess markedly different properties. For example, as discussed in Chapter 38, the apical membranes of small intestinal cells possess enzymes responsible for the surface or contact digestion of disaccharides and
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One of the main home remedies that you need to follow to prevent gallstones is a healthy lifestyle. You need to maintain a healthy body weight to prevent gallstones. The following are the best home remedies that will help you to treat and prevent gallstones.