The major carbohydrate of goat milk is lactose, which is about 0.2 0.5% less than in cow milk.[5,11] Lactose is a disaccharide made up of a glucose and a galactose molecule and is synthesized in the mammary gland. Milks of most of the lower mammalian species have a higher

Table 1 Average concentrations (per 100 g) of basic nutrients, minerals, and vitamins in goat milk compared with those in cow and human milks

Constituents Goat Cow Human

Basic nutrients

Total solids (g) 12.2

Calories (cal) 70 Minerals

Se (mg) 1.33 Vitamins

Thiamine (mg) 0.068

Riboflavin (mg) 0.21

Pantothenic acid (mg) 0.31

Vitamin B6 (mg) 0.046

Vitamin B12 (mg) 0.065

content of fat and a lower content of lactose than goat milk.[3] Cow milk contains minor levels of monosaccharides and oligosaccharides, but their presence in goat milk is not known.[5]

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