Climatic Conditions

In many parts of the world, sheep have adapted to the local environment over years of natural selection. As a result of natural and planned selection, there are many different breeds. New composite breeds have been developed to meet available resources and environmental constraints by combining strong traits from each of the parent breeds. Hair sheep do well in areas of high rainfall. Fine-wool sheep thrive in dry, temperate climates but have definite health problems in wet, damp climates. Medium- and coarse-wool sheep adapt to a wider range of climates and are utilized primarily for meat production. Fat-tail sheep are found mainly in the hot desert regions where nutritional resources are extremely limited. Milk-producing sheep are found in Europe and the Mediterranean countries, but require specific nutritional and management resources.

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