Genetic progress in applying traditional mating systems has been slow. Molecular genetic techniques will allow identification and use of single genes with major effects in goat breeding. For the effects of identified major genes to be manifested in goat populations, they will have to be applied through quantitative breeding schemes. The future of goat breeding will depend heavily on all areas discussed. The discovery of various gene alleles for com pounds regulating economically important traits will improve breeders' ability to manage and select goats tailored for the producers' market, with optimum potential income.

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