Conclusion

The water-soluble vitamins biotin, choline, niacin, and ascorbic acid are involved in a wide variety of metabolic processes. Each has a specific role in metabolism and synthesis of nutrients and compounds required by the animal. These vitamins are found in a wide variety of feed ingredients, but concentrations and bioavailability are influenced by processing, storage, and handling. The supplementation requirement for these vitamins depends on the species and age of the animal, and the practices and environment in which the animal is produced. Under specific production practices, supplementation of each of these vitamins to monogastric animals can be beneficial.

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