Conclusion

Duck health management is practiced by raising ducks in a healthy environment. This means adequate housing, nutritionally balanced feed, strict biosecurity, and good sanitation and planned vaccination program. Diseases that affect young ducklings such as duck virus hepatitis and Muscovy duck parvoviral infection are effectively controlled through maternal immunity by vaccination of breeder flocks. Raising ducklings obtained from disease-free breeder flocks can prevent diseases that are transmitted through the eggs, such as salmonellosis and

Muscovy duck parvovirus infection. Health monitoring through serological testing and periodic examination of normal mortality is vital to keep close surveillance on health problems. Antimicrobial therapy is very helpful in reducing or even preventing mortality in the event of an outbreak due to a bacterial disease.

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