Introduction

Walker's Mammals of the World assigns dogs, bears, raccoons, weasels, civets, mongooses, hyenas, and cats to the order Carnivora. This taxonomic category brings together species with phylogenetic features relevant to their evolutionary history, but has limited application to the care of animals exhibiting carnivory as defined by natural dietary habits. This article discusses mammal species both inside and outside the order Carnivora that characteristically choose their food from the animal kingdom.

larger than themselves and are adapted to large but infrequent meals. Smaller wild felids, particularly those in the genus Felis tend to depend upon frequent predation of smaller prey. Locally abundant food resources, such as spawning salmon, may attract brown bears to a common feeding site, but there appears to be little cooperative predation. Some cetaceans cooperate in their acquisition of food. Groups of bottlenose dolphins have been observed approaching fish at opposite ends of a school of fish, or herding fish toward individuals patrolling offshore to prevent the fish from escaping.[3]

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