Management Systems

Management systems are dictated by climate, environmental factors, forages, and nutrition. There are basically two types of management systems extensive and intensive with a variety of styles within each system. Extensive systems are usually large sheep populations that utilize sparse forages in the dry, harsh, uninhabited areas of the world, where predation, limited nutritional intake, and climatic elements are the greatest factors limiting production. These sheep may have very little human contact. Health management within these systems is a total flock program; rarely is attention given to individual health needs. Many extensively managed systems will have periods of intensive management (such as at lambing time) to provide individual health care. The concentration of large populations may lead to health problems such as infections causing abortions and mastitis. Intensively managed systems usually have animals more concentrated and can provide individual health care on a regular basis.

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