References

1. Hahn, G.L. Environmental Requirements of Farm Animals. In Handbook of Agricultural Meteorology; Griffiths, J., Ed.; Oxford Univ Press: New York, 1994; 220 235.

2. Milligan, J.D.; Christison, G.I. Effects of severe winter conditions on performance of feedlot steers. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 1974, 54, 605 610.

3. Young, B.A. Cold stress as it affects animal production. J. Anim. Sci. 1981, 52, 154 163.

4. Hahn, G.L.; Mader, T.; Spiers, D.; Gaughan, J.; Nienaber, J.; Eigenberg, R.; Brown Brandl, T.; Hu, Q.; Griffin, D.; Hungerford, L.; Parkhurst, A.; Leonard, M.; Adams, W.; Adams, L. Heat Wave Impacts on Feedlot Cattle: Considerations for Improved Environmental Manage ment, Proc., Sixth Int'l Livestock Environment Symp, Louisville, KY, May 21 23, 2001. ASAE Publication No. 701P0201. Amer. Soc. of Agr. Engr.: St. Joseph, MI.

5. Hoffman, M.P.; Self, H.L. Shelter and feedlot surface effects on performance of yearling steers. J. Anim. Sci. 1970, 31, 967 972.

6. Leu, B.M.; Hoffman, M.P.; Self, H.L. Comparison of confinement, shelter and no shelter for finishing yearling steers. J. Anim Sci. 1977, 44, 717 721.

7. Meador, N.F.; Jesse, G.W. Facility Effects on Finishing Beef Animals UMC Tests; ASAE Paper No. 81 4058, Amer. Soc. of Agr. Engr.: St. Joseph, MI, 1981.

8. Smith, R.E.; Hanke, H.E.; Lindor, L.K. A Comparison of Five Housing Systems for Feedlot Cattle, Minnesota Cattle Feeder's Report; Agr. Ext. Serv. and Agr. Exp. Sta., Univ. of Minnesota, 1972; 3 32.

9. Borton, L.R.; Rotz, C.A.; Person, H.L.; Harrigan, T.M.; Bickert, W.G. Simulation to Evaluate Dairy Manure Systems; ASAE Paper No. 934572, Amer. Soc. of Agr. Engr.: St. Joseph, MI, 1993.

10. Bond, T.E.; Garrett, W.N.; Givens, R.L.; Morrison, S.R.

Comparative effects of mud, wind and rain on beef cattle performance. Int'l. J. Farm Bldg. Res. 1970, 5, 3 9.

11. MWPS. Beef Housing and Equipment Handbook, 4th Ed.; Midwest Plan Service: Ames, IA, 1987. MWPS 6.

12. Erickson, G.E.; Auvermann, B.; Eigenberg, R.; Greene, L.W.; Klopfenstein, T.; Koelsch, R. Proposed Beef Cattle Manure Excretion and Characteristics Standard for ASAE. Proc. 9th Anim. Ag. and Food Process Wastes, Research Triangle Park, NC, October 12 15, 2003; ASAE: St. Joseph, MI, 269 276. ASAE Pub. 701P1203.

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14. Hahn, G.L.; Spiers, D.E.; Eigenberg, R.A.; Brown Brandl,

T.M.; Leonard, M. Dynamic Thermoregulatory Responses of Feedlot Cattle to Shade vs. No Shade During Heat Stress; ASAE Paper 004073, Amer. Soc. of Agr. Engr.: St. Joseph, MI, 2000.

15. Brown Brandl, T.M.; Nienaber, J.A.; Eigenberg, R.A.; Hahn, G.L.; Freetly, H.C. Thermoregulatory Responses of Feeder Cattle; ASAE Paper No. 024180, Amer. Soc. of Agr. Engr.: St. Joseph, MI, 2002.

16. Brown Brandl, T.M.; Nienaber, J.A.; Eigenberg, R.A.; Mader, T.L.; Morrow, J.L.; Dailey, J.W. Relative Heat Tolerance Among Cattle of Different Genetics; ASAE Paper No. 034035, Amer. Soc. of Agr. Engr: St. Joseph, MI, 2003.

17. Garrett, W.N. Importance of Environment and Facilities in Beef Production; ASAS 55th Annual Meeting, Corvallis, OR, 1963.

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