References

1. Fraser, D.; Rushen, J. Aggressive behavior. Vet. Clin. North Am., Food Anim. Pract. 1987, 3, 285 305.

2. Fraser, A.F.; Broom, D.M. Farm Animal Behaviour and Welfare, 3rd Ed.; CABI Int.: London, UK, 1990.

3. Von Borell, E.; Hurnik, J.F. Stereotypic behavior, adrenocorticol function, and open field behavior of individually confined gestating sows. Physiol. Behav. 1991, 49, 709 713.

4. Widowski, T.; Torrey, S. Neonatal management practices. 2002, 1 (6). Available at http://www.porkboard.org. Accessed August 18, 2003.

5. Moberg, G.P. A review Developing management strate gies to reduce stress in pigs: A new approach utilizing the biological cost of stress. Proc. Bienn. Conf. Aust. Pig Sci. Assoc. Manipulat. Pig Prod. 1993, 4 (IV), 116 126.

6. Hemsworth, P.H.; Gonyou, H.W. Human Contact. In Animal Welfare, 1st Ed.; Appleby, M.C., Hughes, B.O., Eds.; CABI Int., 1997; 205 217.

7. Hemsworth, P.H.; Coleman, G.J. Human Livestock Inter actions. The Stockperson and the Productivity and Welfare of Intensively Farmed Animals; CAB International: Wall ingford, UK, 1993.

8. Hemsworth, P.H.; Gonyou, H.W. Human Contact. In Animal Welfare, 1st Ed.; Appleby, M.C., Hughes, B.O., Eds.; CABI Int., 1997; 205 217.

9. Morrow Tesch, J.L.; Dailey, J.W.; Jiang, H. A video data base system for studying animal behavior. J. Anim. Sci. 1998, 76, 2605 2608.

10. Hurnik, J.F.; Webster, A.B.; Siegel, P.B. Dictionary of Farm Animal Behavior, 2nd Ed.; Iowa State University Press: Ames, 1995.

11. USDA ARS. Livestock Issues Research Unit (LBRU); South Plains: Lubbock, TX, 2003. Encyclopedia of Farm Animal Behavior. Available: http://www.liru.asft.ttu.edu/ EFAB/default.asp. Accessed August 17, 2003.

12. National Pork Board (NPB). Swine Welfare Assurance Program™ (SWAP™); 2003. Available at http://www. porkboard.org. Accessed August 17, 2003.

L. Ollivier

National Institute for Agricultural Research, Jouy en Josas, France

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