Social Structure

One reason for the various aberrant behaviors of the stalled horse is the difference between their natural social organization and modern equine management. The social organization of feral horses as well as of true wild horses, Przewalski's horses, or takhi is a harem group consisting of a stallion, several mares, and their juvenile offspring. These groups are called bands, and the bands in a given geographic area are called a herd. Bands are rarely larger than 10 adult animals. The band is always together (always within visual contact), and each horse is rarely more than 10 meters from another horse. The stallion is the most peripheral member of the group. The proximity of the band members functions to protect the individual horse from predators. Ten pairs of eyes and ears are better than one at detecting an approaching wolf or mountain lion.

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