Reproductive management is all-encompassing with respect to the flock. In other words, in addition to the primary factors of genetics and environmental influences, the role of both the ram and the ewe must be taken into account for successful replication of their species and/or breed. When considering reproductive management of sheep, it should be reviewed within the context of gender management because of the uniqueness and functionality of both rams and ewes within the broad scope of sheep and wool production.
Reproductive management is desirable because of convenience, economics, and disease control. It involves nearly all facets of animal science. Genetics, environment, economics, and the human factor must be considered.
Each species and even breed has special characteristics that require separate management, knowledge, and skills.
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