Goat milk has a higher amount of vitamin A than cow milk. Caprine milk is whiter than bovine milk because goats convert all p-carotene into vitamin A in the milk. Goat milk supplies adequate amounts of vitamin A and niacin, and an excess of thiamin, riboflavin, and pantothenate, for a human infant (Table 1). A human infant fed solely on goat milk is oversupplied with protein, Ca, P, vitamin A, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, and pantothenate in relation to the Food and Agriculture Organization and World Health Organization (FAO-WHO) requirements.1-4-1 Vitamin B levels in goat and cow milks are a result of rumen synthesis, and are somewhat independent of diet.[3]

Goat milk, however, is deficient in folic acid and vitamin B12 compared to cow milk.[3,4,6] Cow milk has 5 times more folate and vitamin B12 than goat milk, and folate is necessary for the synthesis of hemoglobin.1-4,6-1 Goat milk and cow milk are equally deficient in pyridoxine (B6) and vitamins C and D, and these vitamins must be supplemented from other food sources.1-4-1

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