Protective Factors

■ Prolonged breast feeding

■ Oral contraceptives

■ Multiparity

■ Reproductive surgery


Five to 10% of cases occur in association with genetically predisposed syndromes called hereditary ovarian cancer syndromes. There are three types:

1. Breast-ovarian cancer syndrome: It involves cancer of the breast and ovary and is linked to the BRCA-1 gene, is autosomal dominant, is seen in younger women.

2. Lynch II syndrome—hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC):

It involves sites that may include breast, ovaries, uterus, and colon.

3. Site-specific ovarian cancer: It accounts for < 1% and has extremely strong genetic link. Usually two or more first-degree relatives have the disease.


1. As with any pelvic mass, the first step of evaluation is ultrasound.

2. Definitive identification of adnexal mass by laparoscopy/laparotomy follows.

About 25% of ovarian cancers occur in association with endometriosis.

Get Pregnant - Cure Infertility Naturally

Get Pregnant - Cure Infertility Naturally

Far too many people struggle to fall pregnant and conceive a child naturally. This book looks at the reasons for infertility and how using a natural, holistic approach can greatly improve your chances of conceiving a child of your own without surgery and without drugs!

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment