Fluid balance and volume resuscitation

By the end of this chapter you will be able to:

• calculate a patient's normal fluid requirements

• understand how fluid balance is affected by illness

• understand the concept of the "third space" and capillary leak

• understand the principles of volume resuscitation

• know about the different types of fluid available including blood

• apply this to your clinical practice

The main aim of fluid therapy in critical illness is to restore tissue perfusion and optimise organ function by correcting hypovolaemia.

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