Further reading

Baldwin DR and Allen MB. Non-invasive ventilation for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. BMJ 1997;314:163-4.

British Thoracic Society. Guidelines for the management of acute exacerbations of COPD. Thorax 1997;52(Suppl 5):S16-21.

Calverley PMA. Oxygen-induced hypercapnia revisited. Lancet 2000;356: 1538-39.

Davies RJO and Hopkin, JM. Nasal oxygen in exacerbations of ventilatory failure: an underappreciated risk. BMJ 1989;299:43-4.

Denniston AKO, O'Brien C, Stableforth D. The use of oxygen in acute exacerbations of COPD: a prospective audit of pre-hospital and hospital emergency management. Clin Med 2002;2:449-51.

Robinson TD, Freiberg DB, Regnis JA, Young IH. The role of hypoventilation and ventilation-perfusion redistribution in oxygen-induced hypercapnia during acute exacerbations of COPD. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2000;161:1524-9

Various authors. The use of oxygen in acute exacerbations of COPD: a prospective audit of pre-hospital and hospital emergency management [letters]. Clin Med 2003;3:183-6.

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