Further reading

Appadu BL, Hanning CD. Respiratory physiology. In: Pinnock C, Lin T, Smith T (eds). Fundamentals of Anaesthesia. London: Greenwich Medical Media Ltd, 1999.

Confalonieri M, Potena A, Carbone G, Delia Porta R, Tolley E, Meduri GU. Acute respiratory failure in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia. A prospective randomised evaluation of non-invasive ventilation. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1999;160:1585-91.

Doherty MJ, Greenstone MA. Survey of non-invasive ventilation (NIPPV) in patients with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the UK. Thorax 1998;53:863-6.

Konstantinides S, Geibel A, Heusel G, Heinrich F, Kasper W. Heparin and alteplase compared with heparin alone in patients with submassive pulmonary embolism. New Engl J Med 2002;347:1143-50.

Nava S, Ambrosino N, Clini E et ah Non-invasive mechanical ventilation in the weaning of patients with respiratory failure due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. A randomised controlled trial. Ann Intern Med 1998;128:721-8.

Plant PK, Owen JL, Elliot MW. The YONIV trial. A multicentre randomised controlled trial of the early use of non-invasive ventilation for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on general respiratory wards. Lancet 2000;355:1931-5.

Symonds AK (ed). Non invasive respiratory support. London: Arnold, 2001.

http://www.brit-thoracic.org.uk/pdf/NIV.pdf

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