References

1. Elpern DJ, Morison WL, Hood AF. Papulovesicular light eruption. A defined subset of polymorphous light eruption. Arch Dermatol 1985;121:1286-8.

2. Holzle E, Plewig G, von Kries R, Lehmann P. Polymorphous light eruption. J Invest Dermatol 1987;88(Suppl. 3):32s-8s.

3. Dover JS, Hawk JLM. Polymorphic light eruption sine eruptione. Br J Dermatol 1988;118:73-6.

Can HLA class II typing distinguish PLE from actinic prurigo?

4. Morison WL, Stern RS. Polymorphous light eruption: a common reaction uncommonly recognized. Acta Derm Venereol 1982;62:237-40.

5. Millard TP, Bataille V, Snieder H, Spector TD, McGregor JM. The heritability of polymorphic light eruption. J Invest Dermatol 2000; 115:467-70.

6. Ros AM, Wennersten G. Current aspects of polymorphous light eruptions in Sweden. Photodermatology 1986;3:298-302.

7. Pao C, Norris PG, Corbett M, Hawk JLM. Polymorphic light eruption: Prevalence in Australia and England. Br J Dermatol 1994;130:62-4.

8. Olumide YM. Photodermatoses in Lagos. Int J Dermatol 1987;26:295-9.

9. Khoo SW, Tay YK, Tham SN. Photodermatoses in a Singapore skin referral centre. Clin Exp Dermatol 1996;21:263-8.

10. Norris PG, Morris J, McGibbon DM, Chu AC, Hawk JL. Polymorphic light eruption: an immunopathological study of evolving lesions. Br J Dermatol 1989;120:173-83.

11. Hasan T, Ranki A, Jansen CT, Karvonen J. Disease associations in polymorphous light eruption. A long-term follow-up study of 94 patients. Arch Dermatol 1998;134:1081-5.

12. Murphy GM, Hawk JL. The prevalence of antinuclear antibodies in patients with apparent polymorphic light eruption. Br J Dermatol 1991;125:448-51.

13. Panet-Raymond G, Johnson WC. Lupus erythematosus and polymorphous light eruption - differentiation by histochemical procedures. Arch Dermatol 1973;108:785-7.

14. Weedon D. Polymorphous light eruption. In: Skin Pathology. Melbourne: Churchill Livingstone, 1997: 509-10.

15. Green C, Norris PG, Hawk JL. Photoallergic contact dermatitis from oxybenzone aggravating polymorphic light eruption. Contact Dermatitis 1991;24:62-3.

16. Bilsland D, Ferguson J. Contact allergy to sunscreen chemicals in photosensitivity dermatitis/actinic reticuloid syndrome (PD/AR) and polymorphic light eruption (PLE). Contact Dermatitis 1993;29:70-3.

17. Thune P. Contact and photocontact allergy to sunscreens. Photodermatology 1984;1:5-9.

18. Allan SJR, Ray RE, Savin JA. The optimal management of polymorphic light eruption in a non-photobiological unit. J Dermatol Treat 1999;10:3-6.

19. Grabczynska SA, McGregor JM, Kondeatis E, Vaughan RW, Hawk JLM. Actinic prurigo and polymorphic light eruption: Common pathogenesis and the importance of HLA-DR4/DRB1*0407. Br J Dermatol 1999;140:

20. Dawe RS, Collins P, O'Sullivan A, Ferguson J. Actinic prurigo and HLA-DR4 1. J Invest Dermatol 1997;108:

21. Leroy D, Dompmartin A, Faguer K, Michel M, Verneuil L. Polychromatic phototest as a prognostic tool for polymorphic light eruption. Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 2000;16:161-6.

22. Man I, Dawe RS, Ferguson J. Artificial hardening for polymorphic light eruption: Practical points from ten years' experience. Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 1999;15:96-9.

23. Bilsland D, George SA, Gibbs NK, Aitchison T, Johnson BE, Ferguson J. A comparison of narrow band phototherapy (TL-01) and photochemotherapy (PUVA) in the management of polymorphic light eruption. Br J Dermatol 1993;129:708-12.

24. Murphy GM, Logan RA, Lovell CR, Morris RW, Hawk JL, Magnus IA. Prophylactic PUVA and UVB therapy in polymorphic light eruption - a controlled trial. Br J Dermatol 1987;116:531-8.

25. Stern RS, Lunder EJ. Risk of squamous cell carcinoma and methoxsalen (psoralen) and UV-A radiation (PUVA). A meta-analysis. Arch Dermatol 1998;134: 1582-5.

26. Patel DC, Bellaney GJ, Seed PT, McGregor JM, Hawk JLM. Efficacy of short-course oral prednisolone in polymorphic light eruption: a randomized controlled trial. Br J Dermatol 2000;143:828-31.

27. Man I, Dawe RS, Ibbotson SH, Ferguson J. Is topical steroid effective in polymorphic light eruption? Br J Dermatol 2000;143(Suppl. 57):113.

28. Hojyo-Tomoka T, Granados J, Vargas-Alarcon G et al Further evidence of the role of HLA-DR4 in the genetic susceptibility to actinic prurigo. J Am Acad Dermatol 1997;36:935-7.

Part 4: The future of evidence-based dermatology

Editor: Luigi Naldi

Allergic To Everything

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