The studies for this review were found by searching PubMed (the original search for these chapters was carried out in 1998 using Medline) combining the following study types as key words: meta-analysis, randomised controlled trials, case-control and direct observation studies with the following cancer terms: melanoma, basal-cell carcinoma, rodent ulcer, squamous cell carcinoma, non-melanoma skin cancers. The Cochrane database and the health-promotion journals Health Education Research and Health Education were searched for appropriate studies with the additional key words: health promotion interventions. One unpublished meta-analysis done by Girgis et al. of the University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia in 1998, was included.15 Very few randomised controlled trials (RCTs) were found for primary prevention although there were more for chemoprevention and secondary prevention. Most studies used direct observation. Randomised population surveys were found for Australia and the US where there has been concerted year-on-year campaigns aimed at changing population behaviour in the sun.
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Complete Guide to Preventing Skin Cancer. We all know enough to fear the name, just as we do the words tumor and malignant. But apart from that, most of us know very little at all about cancer, especially skin cancer in itself. If I were to ask you to tell me about skin cancer right now, what would you say? Apart from the fact that its a cancer on the skin, that is.