Motor Dysfunctions

Neuromotor deficits have frequently been found in children who later develop schizophrenia, and are usually offered as further evidence of the neurodevelopmental theory [83,84]. Among high-risk children, neuromotor dysfunction was shown to be related to anxious/depressed behaviour and thought problems, although these dysfunctions did not distinguish high-risk children from children whose parents had another psychiatric illness or from children who were maltreated [85]. In the New York Infant Development Project, high-risk children who showed more delays in motor development during their first 2 years were more likely to be diagnosed with schizophrenia or spectrum disorders in adulthood [23]. Data from the NIMH Israeli High-risk Study [36] similarly offer evidence of poor motor coordination, hyperactivity, poor verbal abilities, and difficulties with perceptual tasks in adolescents who were later diagnosed with spectrum disorders. A follow-up study with the subjects from the Jerusalem Infant Development study found evidence of neuromotor deficits across development in preschizophrenic children [49]. Taken together, these results suggest that observable minor motor deficits are evident from as early as infancy and may be a useful biobehavioural marker for schizophrenia. As with other markers, the limitation is that motor abnormalities are not exclusive to schizophrenia spectrum disorders.

BiPolar Explained

BiPolar Explained

Bipolar is a condition that wreaks havoc on those that it affects. If you suffer from Bipolar, chances are that your family suffers right with you. No matter if you are that family member trying to learn to cope or you are the person that has been diagnosed, there is hope out there.

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