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Figure 17.16. Scheme of management for patients with nipple discharge.

Investigations of patients with nipple retraction include mammography and, if appropriate, ultrasonography to determine if there is an underlying tumour present. However, in the absence of malignancy, and in the majority ofwomen, reassurance only is required. In young women and in those seeking cosmesis, surgical correction with eversion of the nipple may be carried out. However, this may cause damage to the underlying ducts and can interfere with attempts at breast feeding subsequently.

New Mothers Guide to Breast Feeding

New Mothers Guide to Breast Feeding

For many years, scientists have been playing out the ingredients that make breast milk the perfect food for babies. They've discovered to day over 200 close compounds to fight infection, help the immune system mature, aid in digestion, and support brain growth - nature made properties that science simply cannot copy. The important long term benefits of breast feeding include reduced risk of asthma, allergies, obesity, and some forms of childhood cancer. The more that scientists continue to learn, the better breast milk looks.

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