A review of available measures of cognitive distortions reveals five clinical instruments designed to measure the general construct of cognitive distortion within the cognitive therapy literature: the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS, Weissman, 1979; Weissman & Beck, 1978), Cognitive Error Questionnaire (CEQ, Lefebvre, 1981), Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ, Hollan & Kendall, 1980), Cognitive Distortion Scale (CDS, Briere, 2000), and Inventory of Cognitive Distortions (ICD, Yurica & DiTomasso, 2001).
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