Change in Attitudes Beliefs and Practices Regarding Gender

The traditional patriarchal Chinese society made women inferior to men. Through the practice of footbinding and the customs of patrilineal inheritance and patrilocal residence, women were confined to domesticity and became dependents of men at different stages of their lives. Not until after the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949 did large numbers of Chinese women enter the public arena and join the labor force. They also gained rights to select their own marriage partners and to get a divorce.

Changes in attitudes toward women also occurred after immigrants came to the United States. Immigration changed the traditional family structure and allowed Chinese women a greater degree of freedom and independence. Away from the patriarchal kin, Chinese American couples were able to strengthen the relationship between them, and the opportunity to work outside the home helped improve women's status in the family. Children of Chinese immigrants challenged traditional gender concepts and made it difficult for traditional practices such as arranged marriage to continue. As more and more women demonstrated that they were no longer dependents of men, the relationship between mothers and daughters also underwent significant changes.

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

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