Change in Attitudes Beliefs and Practices Regarding Gender

Much has happened to the Mardu since they emigrated from the desert and settled along the fringes on stations (ranches) and missions between the 1920s and the 1960s. In recent decades, the pressure towards change exerted by the dominant society has rapidly increased. Welfare payments to individuals, and a range of other changes, have led to greater autonomy among Mardu women, whose structurally unequal status has lessened as their capacity for independent action and their successful (but not uncontested) assertion of this degree of autonomy have increased. Some younger women characterize this change by calling themselves "free agents" to convey this sense of greater freedom. Despite considerable expression of nostalgia for the old days in their desert heartlands, many middle-aged and older women nonetheless seem to favor settlement life, and one reason for this may be that they are now less firmly under the control of men. Young women's refusal to marry the men to whom they have been betrothed, the refusal of widows to remarry at all, and the increasing incidence of "wrong" marriage among younger adults point to an erosion of "traditional" values and the structures of "the Law." Such changes amount to a loosening of the control that mature men as a category can exert over women as a category. Mindful of the many accommodations already enforced as a result of Westernizing pressures, Mardu women are able successfully to contest those aspects of gender relations that they consider unac-ceptably restrictive. Young men too are freed of some of the strictures to which they would traditionally have been subject, including the choice of sexual partners. However, religiously ordained dictates continue to underpin their identity and security. Both men and women experience negative as well as positive consequences of change. For example, unemployment, alcohol misuse, boredom, violence, motor vehicle accidents, and "lifestyle" diseases all have had a significant impact on both men and women. Mardu of both genders have been vigorous in pursuing land rights and in identifying and adopting coping strategies and new directions for their communities.

Beat The Battle With The Bottle

Beat The Battle With The Bottle

Alcoholism is something that can't be formed in easy terms. Alcoholism as a whole refers to the circumstance whereby there's an obsession in man to keep ingesting beverages with alcohol content which is injurious to health. The circumstance of alcoholism doesn't let the person addicted have any command over ingestion despite being cognizant of the damaging consequences ensuing from it.

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