Change in Attitudes Beliefs and Practices Regarding Gender

The Timpaus Banggai are being influenced by pan-Indonesian cultural ideas at an accelerating speed. An elementary school is located in each of the villages on the island. The impact of the school is felt in many ways. All children learn the Indonesian language. Girls and boys who attend school are delegated less domestic work tasks than before. School attendance and homework are regarded as work that should be taken seriously, and education is regarded as equally important for girls and boys. Because education is regarded as a prerequisite for well-paid work, many children attend secondary schools away from Timpaus.

In the 1990s a few young men returned to Timpaus after living on the Sulawesi mainland. They brought with them more Islamic "fundamentalist" ideas than were readily acceptable among the Timpaus Banggai. It remains to be seen whether this influence will continue and gain acceptance. If such a shift in religious ideology takes place, it will surely have a major effect on local gender relations.

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

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