Change in Attitudes Beliefs and Practices Regarding Gender

As discussed above, traditional Ifugao attitudes, beliefs, and practices are changing, including those associated with gender, as Ifugao people become more solidly integrated into the global capitalist market, experience increased international and national development, and migrate outside Ifugao. The Philippine women's movement entered Ifugao in the 1980s, and has had some, albeit minor, impact on women's gender ideologies. For example, some women have begun contesting the unequal pay rates in Ifugao agricultural and other types of labor. However, fundamentalist Christian ideologies are also increasingly permeating Ifugao culture, offsetting ideas of gender equality promoted by the women's movement. International development projects have often effected the reinforcement or decrease of women's already lower gender status in economic, political, and domestic arenas (Kwiatkowski, 1998; McKay, 1995). Likely, there will be greater variability in gender conceptions among Ifugao people in the future as a result of these outside influences.

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

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