Change in Attitudes Beliefs and Practices Regarding Gender

As more and more Manjako villages adopt a cash economy, an economic gender gap may be growing. More cash-earning opportunities are available to men than to women (one consequence of which is a high rate of prostitution among Manjako women). As men accumulate wealth, they are more inclined to follow the Western practice of leaving it to their own children rather than to nephews and nieces. The matrilineal system of inheritance has already virtually disappeared in many Manjako lands, and with it, perhaps, a certain degree of women's status.

The age-set system varies greatly from one end of Manjakoland to the other. In the past, according to many accounts (especially Carreira, 1947; Gable, 1990), only male youths entered a ritual hut and, after several years, were promoted to the status of young adults. The system described here, in which male and female age-set members belong to the same set throughout their lives, has probably only existed since the early 1900s; in it, women are full participants.

The practice of brideservice also seems to be dwindling, and has already ended in some Manjako lands. The disappearance of brideservice will surely affect rates of arranged marriages and divorce.

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

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