Changes in Attitudes Beliefs and Practices Regarding Gender

Taiwan has changed rapidly during the past decade. The lifting of martial law in 1987 moved the political system from a K.M.T. monocracy to a multiparty democracy, and rapid globalization exposed widening numbers of people to Western ideas and practices. These changes contributed to the weakening of traditional gender attitudes and behavior, particularly among the urban middle class and cohorts born after 1970. Nonorthodox gender practices are emerging. Increasing numbers of young people are challenging conventional gender codes by cross-dressing, exploring their sexuality, choosing not to marry, or remaining child free. The incorporation of women into the labor process has also chipped away at patriarchal principles. Money can be a mechanism that imposes and reproduces hierarchical structures or a mechanism that modifies gender relations within the family. Thus women's control of their earnings has the potential to erode traditional ideology and its norms of behavior (T. L. Hu, 1985). Nevertheless, the changes occurring have not completely displaced obdurate patrilineal hierarchies and traditions. The fiction of woman as homemaker and man as breadwinner is maintained (Hsieh & Wang, 1995).

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

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