Cultural Overview

The Tarahumara are of Uto-Aztecan descent, and are predominantly subsistence agriculturalists, though many now work as teachers, health workers, and laborers in agriculture and other industries. Rural Tarahumara's main field crops are corn, beans and squash; other foods include wheat, potatoes, cabbage, apples and peaches, and a variety of greens and wild foods. Goats, sheep, and cattle are kept primarily for the manure's value as fertilizer, though they are eaten on ritual occasions. Most Tarahumara live in ranchos or homesteads dispersed across mountainous landscapes but are affiliated with ejidos, political entities which include mestizos (Mexicans), usually centered around a church, school, and other missionary or government facilities. Local governance is by elected Tarahumara officials, who are responsible for organizing community feast days, advising on correct behavior, disciplining wrongdoers, and mediating with outsiders. Many families move seasonally between summer and winter residences, and also between multiple ranchos to tend their various fields. Thus the Tarahumara have been described as transhumant or residentially mobile agriculturalists (Graham, 1994, p. 18). The basic social unit among Tarahumara is the nuclear family, in which married partners play equally important and highly complementary roles in subsistence, social relations, and control of resources. Increasingly, Tarahumara rely on seasonal work outside of their communities for supplemental cash income, and thus travel to and from Mexican communities during the year. Logging enterprises throughout the Sierra Tarahumara are often operated jointly by Tarahumara and mestizo ejido members, and most Tarahumara communities have a long history of interaction with Mexicans through local trade, missions, land disputes, and schooling. The Tarahumara population is between 60,000 and 80,000 strong, in a territory that is geologically and biologically diverse, and until recently difficult to traverse. As a result, Tarahumara communities have diverse histories, dialects, religious practices, and lifestyles, making generalizations about their culture difficult. The information here pertains generally to high-sierra Tarahumara and specifically to the pagotame ("baptized" or Christian) communities in the Basihuare area, in the municipality of Guachochi.

All You Wanted To Know About The Raw Food Diet

All You Wanted To Know About The Raw Food Diet

Raw food diets can be great way to not only lose weight but also led a much healthier, natural lifestyle in general. Most raw food diets are plant based with at least 75% of the diet composed of raw food.

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