Cultural Overview

Each historical group in Puerto Rico has had some influence on the current culture of Puerto Rico—first the indigenous populations, the Tainos, then the Spanish colonizers, then the African slaves, and finally the United States, which took possession of Puerto Rico as a war bounty from Spain at the end of the Spanish-American War in 1898. While the basis of contemporary Puerto Rican culture is Spanish, there has been significant fusion with other cultural traditions. Puerto Ricans take pride in viewing their national identity as the product of the melding of primarily three cultural groups—Tainos, African, and Spanish. Puerto Ricans, although part of the United States, maintain a strong national ethnic identification. However, the United States has exerted a great deal of control of and influence on Puerto Rican society in the last 100 years, in particular pushing the large and rapid movement of Puerto Rico from an agrarian to an industrial society. Puerto Rico is currently a class-structured complex society, which has been described as more "traditional" than U.S. mainland society.

Puerto Rico is currently a Commonwealth of the United States. As such, there are no travel restrictions, no custom duties, or shipment quotas between Puerto Rico and the U.S. mainland. The U.S. Congress granted Puerto Ricans U.S. citizenship in 1917. However, the people residing in Puerto Rico cannot vote in U.S. national elections. A Resident Commissioner, who has a voice in the House of Representatives but no vote, represents the Puerto Rican people. The Puerto Rican government is a democracy within the U.S. constitutional system. The currency is the U.S. dollar. Spanish and English are the official languages. English is a compulsory second language in school and is widely used in business, industry, research, and education. Current political debates on the island revolve around whether Puerto Rico should stay in its current political status as a Commonwealth or become the 51st state of the United States of America. Since the 1940s, a large percentage of Puerto Ricans engage in extensive and circulatory migration between the island and the U.S. mainland (in particular the northeast region of the United States).

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

If Pregnancy Is Something That Frightens You, It's Time To Convert Your Fear Into Joy. Ready To Give Birth To A Child? Is The New Status Hitting Your State Of Mind? Are You Still Scared To Undergo All The Pain That Your Best Friend Underwent Just A Few Days Back? Not Convinced With The Answers Given By The Experts?

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