Gender Related Social Groups

Gender is a fundamental organizing principle in most aspects of Zapotec life in Mexico. There are gender-specific economic tasks, ritual tasks, domestic, and care-taking tasks, and public space is divided by gender for large-scale events. In Oaxacan communities, women spend most of their time with other women and men with men. This is fairly consistent through the life cycle. This pattern of gendered separation can change radically with migration to Mexico City or the United States, as women and men are usually in the paid labor force and married couples in particular have to plan together, rotate care of children and household chores, and often cross gender roles in an effort to survive economically, with each working in at least one job in the paid labor force and helping out with domestic chores and childcare when not at work.

In Zapotec communities in Oaxaca, sons are preferred in terms of receiving land and usually will live with their parents when first married. Increasingly, however, women are pressuring their young husbands to establish independent residences and houses soon after marriage. Married couples who do live with the husband's family eventually separate their household, even if they live in the same vicinity.

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

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