Gender Related Social Groups

Historically, Sakha lived according to patrilineal clan groups with inheritance (land rights and herds) passed to male progeny only. Because of this brides had to move to their husbands' clan household to have the resources to maintain a separate household. In her husband's land, a new bride was expected to participate in the female work as much as, and sometimes more than, residing adult females (see later discussion on "Courtship and Marriage").

Policies of the Soviet period worked to break down this system by appropriating clan holdings, dispersing clan members to different collective and state farms, and providing ample housing for developing households based on the nuclear family. In contemporary times, couples are mostly free to decide their own fate, moving to either the bride's or the groom's region and household or establishing their own household there. The tendency is still to live with either the husband's or wife's aging parent(s) to act as partial caretakers in exchange for their tending of family herds and caring of young children.

Historically, the central gender-related social group was the patrilineal clan system. Additionally, in both Soviet and post-Soviet times there were and are established women's groups (the local branches of the Zhenski Komitet, or Women's Committee, and the Iye Ogho Kiine, or Mother and Child Center, respectively). Both these institutions work(ed) to bring local issues of women and children to the attention of politicians and to provide opportunities for women to gather and share various projects.

Pregnancy And Childbirth

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