Gender Related Social Groups

Village social structure was gender dimorphic. Traditionally, the 'aumaga served the village council of chiefs (fono), cultivating plantations for them, carrying out their ordinances, and acting as their army. The aualuma sponsored two major activities: hosting parties visiting the village and marriages of ceremonial village virgins (taupou). Hosting guests entailed housing, feeding, and entertaining them. In many villages today, the aualuma is assembled to perform only on special occasions, such as a funeral. In the westerly islands, the aualuma has largely been replaced by the women's komiti. The komiti grew out of church auxiliary groups in the westerly islands during the 1920s and 1930s. The komiti is not confined to village-born women, but includes all village women and has had a vital role in village health and sanitation.

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

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