References

Albert, S. M. (2002). Anthropology and the second 50 years. Current

Anthropology, 43(2), 338-340. Alford, R. D. (1996). Naming. In D. Levinson & M. Ember (Eds.), Encyclopedia of cultural anthropology (Vol. 3, pp. 833-836). New York: Holt.

Ayres, B. (1967). Pregnancy magic: A study of food taboos and sex avoidances. In C. S. Ford (Ed.), Cross-cultural approaches (pp. 111-125). New Haven, CT: HRAF Press. Ball, H., & Panter-Brick, C. (2001). Child survival and the modulation of parental investment. In P. Ellison (Ed.), Reproductive ecology and human evolution (pp. 249-266). New York: Aldine de Gruyter. Benedict, R. (1953). Continuities and discontinuities in cultural conditioning. In C. Kluckhohn & H. Murray (Eds.), Personality in nature, society, and culture (2nd ed., pp. 522-531). New York: Knopf. (Original work published 1938.) Benedict, R. (1959). Patterns of culture. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

(Original work published 1934.) Boddy, J. (1989). Wombs and alien spirits. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

Borgerhoff Mulder, M. (1989). Menarche, menopause and reproduction in the Kipsigis of Kenya. Journal of Biosocial Science, 21(2) 179-192.

Bradley, C. (1993). Women's power, children's labor. Cross-Cultural

Research, 27(1&2) 70-96. Briggs, J. (1970). Never in anger. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Brown, J. K. (1963). A cross-cultural study of female initiation rites.

American Anthropologist, 65, 837-853. Brown, J. K. (1970). A note on the division of labor by sex. American

Anthropologist, 72, 1074-1078. Brown, J. K. (1973). The subsistence activities of women and the socialization of children. Ethos, 1, 413-423. Brown, J. K. (1978). The recruitment of a female labor force.

Anthropos, 73, 41-48. Brown, J. K. (1982a). A cross-cultural exploration of the end of the child-bearing years. In A. Voda, M. Dinnerstein, & S. O'Donnell (Eds.), Changing perspectives on menopause (pp. 51-59). Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.

Brown, J. K. (1982b). Cross-cultural perspectives on middle-aged women. Current Anthropology, 23(2) 143-148, 153-156.

Brown, J. K. (1992). Lives of middle-aged women. In V. Kerns & J. K. Brown (Eds.), In her prime: New views of middle-aged women (pp. 17-30). Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

Brown, J. K. (1997). Agitators and peace-makers: Cross-cultural perspectives on older women and the abuse of young wives. In A. Sev'er (Ed.), A cross-cultural exploration of wife abuse: Problems and prospects (pp. 79-99). Lewiston, NY: Mellen.

Brown, J. K. (1998a). Lives of middle-aged women. In N. Stromquist (Ed.), Women in the third world: An encyclopedia of contemporary issues (pp. 246-251). New York: Garland.

Brown, J. K. (1998b). Menopause. In S. Young (Ed.), Encyclopedia of women and world religion (Vol. 2, pp. 647-648). New York: Macmillan Reference.

Brown, J. K. (1999). Introduction: Definitions, assumptions, themes, and issues. In D. Counts, J. K. Brown, & J. Campbell (Eds.), To have and to hit: Cultural perspectives on wife-beating (2nd ed., pp. 3-26). Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

Brown, J. K., Subbaiah, P., & Sarah, T. (1998). Being in charge: Older women and their younger female kin. In J. Dickerson-Putman & J. K. Brown (Eds.), Women among women: Anthropological perspectives on female age hierarchies (pp.100-123). Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

Browner, C. H. (2000). Situating women's reproductive activities. American Anthropologist, 102(4), 773-788.

Buckley, T. (1988). Menstruation and the power of Yurok women. In T. Buckley & A. Gottlieb (Eds.), Blood magic: The anthropology of menstruation (pp. 187-209). Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Buckster, A. (1996). Purity and pollution. In D. Levinson & M. Ember (Eds.), Encyclopedia of cultural anthropology (Vol. 3, pp. 1045-1049). New York: Holt.

Bujra, J. M. (1979). Introductory: Female solidarity and the sexual division of labour. In P. Caplan & J. M. Burja (Eds.), Women united, women divided: Comparative studies of ten contemporary cultures (pp. 13-45). Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Burbank, V. (1997). Adolescent socialization and initiation ceremonies. In C. Ember & M. Ember (Eds.), Cross-cultural research for social science (Vol. 1, pp. 83-106). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Chagnon, N. (1977). Yanomamo: The fierce people (2nd ed.). New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

Clark, G. (1999). Mothering, work, and gender in urban Asante ideology and practice. American Anthropologist, 101(4), 717-729.

Counts, D., Brown, J. K., & Campbell, J. (Eds). (1999). To have and to hit: Cultural perspectives on wife beating (2nd ed.). Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

Counts, D. A., & Counts, D. R. (1985). Introduction: Linking concepts aging and gender, aging and death. In D. A. Counts & D. R. Counts (Eds.), Aging and its transformations: Moving toward death in Pacific societies (ASAO Monograph No. 10, pp. 1-24). New York: University Press of America.

Cronk, L. (1989). Low socioeconomic status and female-biased parental investment: The Mukogodo example. American Anthropologist, 91(2), 414-429.

Cronk, L. (1993). Parental favoritism toward daughters. American Scientist, 81, 272-279.

Davis-Floyd, R., & Georges, E. (1996). Pregnancy. In D. Levinson & M. Ember (Eds.), Encyclopedia of cultural anthropology (Vol. 3, pp. 1014-1016). New York: Holt.

Dickerson-Putman, J., & Brown, J. K. (Eds.). (1998). Women among women: Anthropological perspectives on female age hierarchies. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

Diener, M. (2000). Gift from the gods: A Balinese guide to early child rearing. In J. DeLoache & A. Gottlieb (Eds.), A World of babies: Imagined childcare guides for seven societies (pp. 97-116). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Draper, P. (2002). Personal Communication.

Draper, P., & Harpending, H. (1987). Parent investment and the child's environment. In J. Lancaster, J. Altmann, A. Rossi, & L. Sherrod (Eds.), Parenting across the life span: Biosocial dimensions (pp. 207-235). New York: Aldine de Gruyter.

Elam, Y. (1973). The social and sexual roles of Hima women. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press.

Ember, C. (1981). A cross-cultural perspective on sex differences. In R. H. Munroe, R. L. Munroe, & B. Whiting (Eds.), Handbook of cross-cultural human development (pp. 531-580). New York: Garland.

Ember, C. (1983). The relative decline in women's contribution to agriculture with intensification. American Anthropologist, 85(2), 285-304.

Embree, A. (1994). Comment: Widows as cultural symbols. In J. S. Hawley (Ed.), Sati, the blessing and the curse: The burning of wives in India (pp. 149-159). New York: Oxford University Press.

Erchak, G., & Rosenfeld, R. (1994). Societal isolation, violent norms, and gender relations: A reexamination and extension of Levinson's model of wife beating. Cross-Cultral Research, 28(2), 111-133.

Fessler, D. (2002). Reproductive immunosuppression and diet: An evolutionary perspective on pregnancy sickness and meat consumption. Current Anthropology, 43(1), 19-38, 48-61.

Flinn, M. (1988). Parent-offspring interactions in a Caribbean village: Daughter guarding. In L. Betzig, M. Borgenhoff Mulder, & P. Turke (Eds.), Human reproductive behaviour: A Darwinian perspective (pp. 189-200). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Freud, S. (1953). Contributions to the psychology of love: The taboo of virginity. In E. Jones (Ed.) & J. Riviere (Trans.), Collected papers (Vol. 4, pp. 217-235). London: Hogarth Press. (Original work published in 1918.)

Fried, M. N., & Fried M. H. (1980). Transitions: Four rituals in eight cultures. New York: Penguin.

Friendly, J. P. (1956). A cross-cultural study of ascetic mourning behavior. Unpublished Honors Thesis, Radcliffe College, 1956. Cambridge, MA.

Frisbie, C. (1967). Kinaalda': A study of the Navaho girl's puberty ceremony. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press.

Gates H. (2001). Footloose in Fujian: Economic correlates of footbind-ing. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 43(1), 130-148.

Gates, H. (in press). Girls' work in China and Northwestern Europe: Of Guniang and Meisjes. In T. Engelen & A. P. Wolf (Eds.), Hajnal in China and Northwestern Europe. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Glasscock, A. (1983). Death-hastening behavior: An expansion of Eastwell's thesis. American Anthropologist, 85(2), 417-420.

Goldfrank, E. (1964). Socialization, personality, and the structure of Pueblo society. In D. Haring (Ed.), Personal character and cultural milieu (pp. 302-327). Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press. (Original work published 1945.)

Goody, J. (1973). Bridewealth and dowry in Africa and Eurasia. In J. Goody & S. J. Tambiah (Eds.), Bridewealth and dowry (pp. 1-58). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Gutmann, D. (1987). Reclaimed powers: Toward a new psychology of men and women in later life. New York: Basic Books.

Harvey, P., & Gow, P. (Eds). (1994). Sex and violence: Issues in representation and experience. New York: Routledge.

Hausfater, G., & Hrdy, S. (Eds.). (1984). Infanticide: Comparative and evolutionary perspectives. New York: Aldine.

Hawkes, K., O'Connell, J. F., & Blurton Jones, N. G. (1989). Hardworking Hadza grandmothers. In V. Standen & R. A. Foley (Eds.), Comparative socioecology: The behavioural ecology of humans and other mammals (pp. 341-366). Boston: Blackwell Scientific.

Hawkes, K., O'Connell, J. F., & Blurton Jones, N. G. (1997). Hadza women's time allocation, offspring provisioning, and the evolution of long postmenopausal life span. Current Anthropology, 38(4), 551-565, 571-577.

Hawley, J. S. (1994). Introduction. In J. S. Hawley (Ed.), Sati, the blessing and the curse: The burning of wives in India (pp. 3-26). New York: Oxford University Press.

Hayes, R. O. (1975). Female genital mutilation, fertility control, women's roles, and the patrilineage in modern Sudan: A Functional analysis. American Ethnologist, 2(4), 617-633.

Hewlett, B. (1994). Intimate fathers: The nature and context of Aka Pygmy paternal infant care. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Hicks, E. (1996). Infibulation: Female mutilation in Islamic Northeastern Africa. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.

Hirschoff, P. (2002). Museum bridges chasm, links rites in Africa and America. Anthropology News, 43(5), 21.

Hrdy, S. (1996). Infanticide. In D. Levinson & M. Ember (Eds.), Encyclopedia of cultural anthropology (Vol. 2, pp. 644-648). New York: Holt.

Hrdy, S. (1999). Mother nature: A history of mothers, infants, and natural selection. New York: Pantheon.

Hull, V., & Simpson, M. (Eds.). (1985). Breastfeeding, child health and child spacing: Cross-cultural perspectives. Dover, NH: Croom Helm.

Jacobson, D. (1977). The women of North and Central India: goddesses and wives. In D. Jacobson & S. Wadley (Eds.), Women in India: Two perspectives (pp. 17-111). Columbia, MO: South Asian Books.

Jordan, B. (1978). Birth in four cultures: A crosscultural investigation of childbirth in Yucatan, Holland, Sweden and the United States. St. Albans, VT: Eden Press.

Jung, C. G. (1960). The structure and dynamics of the psyche (R. F. C. Hull, Trans.) (Bollingen Series 20). New York: Pantheon. (Original work published in 1931.)

Kay, M., Voda, A., Olivas, G., Rios, F., & Imle, M. (1982). Ethnography of the menopause-related hot flash. Maturitas, 4, 217-227.

Kerns, V. (1983). Women and the ancestors: Black Carib kinship and ritual. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

Kerns, V., & Brown, J. K. (Eds.). (1992). In her prime: New views of middle-aged women. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

Kilbride, P., & Kilbride, J. (1974). Sociocultural factors and the early manifestation of sociability behavior among Baganda infants. Ethos, 2(3), 296-314.

Kloos, P. (1969). Female initiation among the Maroni River Caribs. American Anthropologist, 71(5), 898-905.

Kloos, P. (1971). The Maroni River Caribs of Surinam. Assen, The Netherlands: Van Gorcum.

Kluckhohn, C., & Leighton, D. (1962). The Navaho. Garden City, NY: Doubleday. (Original work published 1946.)

Korbin, J. (1987). Child sexual abuse: Implications from the cross-cultural record. In N. Scheper-Hughes (Ed.), Child survival: Anthropological perspectives on the treatment and maltreatment of children (pp. 247-265). Boston: Kluwer.

Kressel, G. (1981). Sororicide/filiacide: Homicide for family honour. Current Anthropology, 22(2) 141-152, 156-158.

Kroeber, A. L. (1963). Anthropology: Culture patterns and processes. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World. (Original work published 1948.)

La Fontaine, J. S. (1986). Initiation. Dover, NH: Manchester University Press.

Lamb, S. (2000). White saris and sweet mangoes: Aging, gender, and body in North India. Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Landauer, T., & Whiting, J. W. M. (1981). Correlates and consequences of stress in infancy. In R. H. Munroe, R. L. Munroe, & B. Whiting (Eds.), Handbook of cross-cultural human development (pp. 355-375). New York: Garland.

Levinson, D. (1989). Family violence in cross-cultural perspective. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Lincoln, B. (1981). Emerging from the chrysalis: Studies in rituals of women's initiation. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Lipson, S. (2001). Metabolism, maturation, and ovarian function. In P. Ellison (Ed.), Reproductive ecology and human evolution (pp. 235-248). New York: Aldine de Gruyter.

Lock, M. (1993). Encounters with aging: Mythologies of menopause in Japan and North America. Los Angeles: University of California Press.

MacCormack, C. (Ed.). (1994) Ethnography of fertility and birth (2nd ed.). Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press.

McCabe, J. (1989). Psychological androgyny in later life: A psycho-cultural examination. Ethos, 17(1), 3-31.

McClusky, L. (2001). "Here our culture is hard": Stories of domestic violence from a Mayan community in Belize. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.

McKee, L. (1985). Sex differentials in survivorship and the customary treatment of infants and children. Medical Anthropology, 8, 91-108.

Meigs, A. (1988). Food, sex, and pollution: A New Guinea religion. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Mernissi, F. (1987). Beyond the veil: Male—female dynamics in modern Muslim society (Rev. ed.). Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Miller, B. D. (1987). Female infanticide and child neglect in rural North India. In N. Scheper-Hughes (Ed.), Child survival: Anthropological perspectives on the treatment and maltreatment of children (pp. 95-112). Boston: Kluwer.

Miller, B. D. (2001). Female-selective abortion in Asia: Patterns, policies, and debates. American Anthropologist, 103(4), 1083-1095.

Minturn, L., & Lambert, W. (1964). Mothers of six cultures: Antecedents of child rearing. New York: Wiley.

Munroe, R. L., Munroe, R. H., & Whiting, J. W. M. (1973). Couvade: A psychological analysis. Ethos, 7(1) 30-74.

Naroll, F., Naroll, R., & Howard, F. (1961). Position of women in childbirth: A study of data quality control. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 13, 207-214.

Obeyesekere, G. (1963). Pregnancy cravings (Dola-Duka) in relation to social structure and personality in a Sinhalese village. American Anthropologist, 65, 323-342.

Oboler, R. (1985). Women, power, and economic change: The Nandi of Kenya. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Pierroutsakos, S. (2000). Infants of the dreaming: A Walpiri guide to child care. In J. DeLoache & A. Gottlieb (Eds.), A World of babies: Imagined childcare guides for seven societies (pp. 145-170). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Raphael, D. (1972). CA comment. Current Anthropology, 13(2), 253-254.

Raphael, D. (1975). Matrescence, becoming a mother, a "new/old" rite de passage. In D. Raphael (Ed.), Being female: Reproduction, power and change (pp. 65-71). Chicago: Aldine.

Richards, A. (1956). Chisungu: A girls' initiation ceremony among the Bemba of Northern Rhodesia. New York: Grove.

Ross, M. H. (1986). Female political participation: A cross-cultural explanation. American Anthropologist, 88(4), 843-858.

Roy, M. (1975). Bengali women. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Sabbah, F. A. (1984). Woman in the Muslim unconscious (M. J. Lakeland, Trans.). New York: Pergamon.

Schlegel, A. (1993). Status, property, and the value on virginity. In M. Womack & J. Marti (Eds.), The other fifty percent: Multicultural perspectives on gender relations (pp. 123-134). Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press.

Schlegel, A., & Barry, H., III. (1979). Adolescent initiation ceremonies: A cross-cultural code. Ethnology, 18, 199-210.

Schlegel, A., & Barry, H., III. (1980). The evolutionary significance of adolescent initiation ceremonies. American Ethnologist, 7,696-715.

Sev'er, A. (Ed.). (1997). A cross-cultural exploration of wife abuse: Problems and prospects. Lewiston, NY: Mellen.

Sievert, L. L. (2001). Aging and reproductive senescence. In P. Ellison (Ed.), Reproductive ecology and human evolution (pp. 267-292). New York: Aldine de Gruyter.

Simmons, L. (1945). The role of the aged in primitive society. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Stephens, W. (1962). The Oedipus complex: Cross-cultural evidence. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.

Stockard, J. (2002). Marriage in culture: Practice and meaning across diverse societies. New York: Harcourt College Publishers.

Strathern, M. (1972). Women in between: Female roles in a male world: Mount Hagen, New Guinea. New York: Seminar Press.

van Gennep, A. (1909). Les rites de passage. Paris: Libraire Critique Emil Nourry.

Weisner, T. (1987). Socialization for parenthood in sibling caretaking societies. In J. Lancaster, J. Altmann, A. Rossi, & L. Sherrod (Eds.), Parenting across the life span: Biosocial dimensions (pp. 237-270). New York: Aldine de Gruyter.

Whiting, B. B. (1996). The effects of social change on concepts of the good child and good mothering: A study of families in Kenya. Ethos, 24(1) 3-35.

Whiting, B. B., & Edwards, C. P. (1988). Children of different worlds: The formation of social behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Whiting, J. W. M. (1941). Becoming a Kwoma: Teaching and learning in a New Guinea tribe. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Whiting, J. W. M. (1964). Effects of climate on certain cultural practices. In W. Goodenough (Ed.), Explorations in cultural anthropology (pp. 511-544). New York: McGraw-Hil.

Whiting, J. W. M. (1965). Menarchial age and infant stress in humans. In F. Beach (Ed.), Sex and behavior (pp. 221-233). New York: J Wiley.

Whiting, J. W. M., & Child, I. (1953). Child training and personality. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Whiting, J. W. M., & Whiting, B. B. (1975). Aloofness and intimacy of husbands and wives: A cross-cultural study. Ethos, 3, 183-207.

Whiting, J. W. M., Burbank, V., & Ratner, M. (1986). The duration of maidenhood across cultures. In J. Lancaster & B. Hamburg (Eds.), School-age pregnancy and parenthood: Biosocial dimensions (pp. 273-302). New York: Aldine de Gruyter.

Whiting, J. W. M., Kluckhohn, R., & Anthony, A. (1958). The function of male initiation ceremonies at puberty. In E. Maccoby, T. Newcomb, & E. Hartley (Eds.), Readings in social psychology (pp. 359-370). New York: Holt.

Wikan, U. (1982). Behind the veil: Women in Oman. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Worthman, C., & Whiting, J. W. M. (1987). Social change in adolescent sexual behavior, mate selection, and premarital pregnancy rates in a Kikuyu community. Ethos, 15(2) 145-165.

Sexuality and MaleFemale Interaction

Single Parenting

Single Parenting

Finally! You Can Put All Your Worries To Rest! You Can Now Instantly Learn Some Little-Known But Highly Effective Tips For Successful Single Parenting! Understand Your Role As A Single Motherfather, And Learn How To Give Your Child The Love Of Both Parents Single Handedly.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment