Aaltio, I. (2002). Naisjohtajuus ja tyelsna kulttuuriset yhteydet [Women, leadership, and the cultural connections of working life]. In R. Smeds, K. Kauppinen, K. Yrjaheikki, & A. Valtonen (Eds.), Tieto ja tekniikka—Missa on nainen? [Knowledge and technology—Where is the woman?] (pp. 159-168). Helsinki, Finland: Tekniikan Akateemisten Liitto. Aaltio, I., & Kovalainen, A. (2001). Personality. In E. Wilson (Ed.),

Gendering organizational analysis (pp. 17-31). London: Sage. Acker, J. (1992). Gendering organizational theory. In A. Mills & P. Tancred (Eds.), Gendering organizational theory (pp. 248-260). Newbury Park, CA: Sage. Alvesson, M., & Due Billing, Y. (1997). Understanding gender and organizations. London: Sage.

Arroba, T., & James, K. (1987). Are politics palpable to women managers? How can women make wise moves at work? Women in Management Review, 10(3), 123-130.

Auster, E. R. (1993, Summer). Demystifying the glass ceiling: Organizational and interpersonal dynamics of gender bias. Business and the Contemporary World, pp. 47-68.

Baril, G. L., Elbert, N., Mahar-Potter, S., & Reavy, G. C. (1989). Are androgynous managers really more effective? Group and Organization Studies, 14, 234-249.

Block, P. (1996). Stewardship: Choosing service over self-interest. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler.

Block, P. (1999). Flawless consulting: A guide to getting your expertise used. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Cals, M. B., & Smircich, L. (1993). Dangerous liaisons: The "feminine-in-management" meets "globalization." Business Horizons, 36(2), 71-81.

Carli, L. L. (1990). Gender, language, and influence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59, 941-951.

Carli, L. L., & Eagly, A. H. (1999). Gender effects on social influence and emergent leadership. In G. N. Powell (Ed.), Handbook of gender and work (pp. 203-222). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Carli, L. L., LaFleur, S. J., & Loeber, C. C. (1995). Nonverbal behavior, gender, and influence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68, 1030-1041.

Cheng, C. (1996). "We choose not to compete": The "merit" discourse in the selection process, and Asian and Asian American men and their masculinity. In C. Cheng (Ed.), Masculinities in organizations (pp. 177-200). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Connell, R. W. (1987). Gender and power. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

Cornforth, C. (1991). Managing voluntary and non-profit enterprises. [Open Business School Voluntary Management Programme]. Buckingham, UK: Open University.

Dalton, M. (1959). Men who manage. New York: Wiley.

Davidson, M. J., & Burke, R. J. (2000). Women in management: Current research issues (Vol. 2). London: Sage.

Davidson, M. J., & Cooper, C. L. (1983). Stress and the woman manager. Oxford: Robertson.

Davidson, M. J., & Fielden, S. (1999). Stress and the working woman. In G. N. Powell (Ed.), Handbook of gender and work (pp. 413-428). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Dovidio, J. F., Brown, C. E., Heltman, S. L., Ellyson, K., & Keating, C. F. (1988). Power displays between men and women in discussions of gender-linked tasks: A multichannel study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55, 580-587.

Drennan, L. (Ed.). (1997) Action for women's health: Making changes through organisations. Glasgow, UK: Glasgow Healthy City Project.

Eagly, A. H., & Johnson, B. T. (1990). Gender and leadership style: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 108, 233-256.

Ellyson, S. L., Dovidio, J. F., & Brown, C. E. (1992). The look of power: Gender differences in visual dominance behavior. In C. L. Ridgeway (Ed.), Gender, interaction, and inequality (pp. 50-80). New York: Springer-Verlag.

Eyring, A., & Stead, B. A. (1998). Shattering the glass ceiling: Some successful corporate policies. Journal of Business Ethics, 17, 245-251.

Fagenson, E. A. (1990). Perceived masculine and feminine attributes examined as a function of individuals' sex and level in the organizational power hierarchy: A test of four theoretical perspectives. Journal of Applied Psychology, 75, 204-211.

French, J. R. P., & Raven, B. (1959). The bases of social power. In D. Cartwright (Ed.), Studies in social power. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Institute of Social Research.

Frankenhaeuser, M., Lundberg, U., Fredrikson, M., Melin, B., Tuomisto, M., Myrsten, A., et al. (1989). Stress on and off the job as related to sex and occupational status in white-collar workers. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 10, 321-346.

Gardiner, M., & Tiggemann, M. (1999). Gender differences in leadership style, job stress and mental health in male- and female-dominated industries. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 72, 301-315.

Garsombke, D. (1988, Summer). Organizational culture dons the mantle of militarism. Organizational Dynamics, pp. 46-57.

Geis, F. L. (1993). Self-fulfilling prophecies: A social psychological view of gender. In A. E. Beall & R. J. Sternberg (Eds.), The Psychology of Gender (pp. 9-54). New York: Guilford Press.

Gherardi, S. (1995). Gender symbolism and organizational cultures. London: Sage.

Gilligan, C. (1982). In a different voice: Psychological theory and women's development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Goktepe, J. R., & Schneier, C. E. (1988). Sex and gender effects in evaluating emergent leaders in small groups. Sex Roles, 19, 29-36.

Gough, B. (1998). Roles and discourse. In K. Trew & J. Kremer (Eds.), Gender and Psychology (pp. 15-27). London: Arnold.

Gray, J. (2002). How to get what you want in the workplace. London: Vermilion.

Green, L., Parkin, W., & Hearn, J. (1997). Power. In E. Wilson (Ed.), Organizational behaviour reassessed: The impact of gender (pp. 188-214). London: Sage.

Gutek, B. (1989). Sexuality in the workplace: Key issues in social research and organizational practice. In J. Hearn, D. L. Sheppard, P. Tancred-Sheriff, & G. Burrell (Eds.), The sexuality of organization (pp. 56-70). London: Sage.

Hall, J. (1984). Nonverbal sex differences: Communication accuracy and expressive style. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Hearn, J., & Parkin, W. (1992). Gender and organizations: A selective review and critique of a neglected area. In A. J. Mills & P. Tancred (Eds.), Gendering organizational analysis (pp. 46-66). London: Sage. (First published in 1983)

Henley, N. (1977). Body politics: Power, sex and non-verbal communication. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Hennig, M., & Jardim, A. (1977). The managerial woman. London: Pan Books.

Hewlett, S. A. (2002, April). Executive women and the myth of having it all. Harvard Business Review, 66-73.

Himanen, P. (2001). The hacker ethic and the spirit of the information age. New York: Random House.

Hite, S. (2000). Sex and business. Harlow, UK: Pearson Education.

Hofestede, G. (1980a). Culture's consequences: International differences in work-related values. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Hofestede, G. (1980b). Motivation, leadership, and organization: Do American theories apply abroad? Organizational Dynamics, 9(1), 4-21.

Hughes, R. L., Ginnett, R. C., & Curphy, G. J. (1999). Leadership: Enhancing the lessons of experience. Boston: Irwin-McGraw-Hill.

Izraeli, D. N., & Adler, N. J. (1994). Competitive forces: Women managers in a global economy. In D. N. Izraeli & N. J. Adler (Eds.), Competitive forces: women managers in a global economy (pp. 3-22). Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.

James, D., & Clark, S. (1993). Women, men and interruptions: A critical review. In D. Tannen (Ed.), Gender and conversational interaction (pp. 231-280). New York: Oxford University Press.

Josefowitz, N. (1988). Paths to power in high technology organizations. In J. Zimmermann (Ed.), The technological woman (pp. 191-200). New York: Praeger.

Kanter, R. M. (1977). Men and women of the corporation. New York: Basic Books.

Kanter, R. M. (1993). Men and women of the corporation (2nd ed.). New York: Basic Books.

Kauppinen, K. (2002). Nais- ja miesjohtajuus—Viva la difféence! [Female and male leadership—Viva la difféence!]. In R. Smeds, K. Kauppinen, K. Yrjnheikki, & A. Valtonen (Eds.), Tieto ja tekniikka—Missä on nainen? [Knowledge and technology— Where is the woman?] (pp. 149-168). Helsinki, Finland: Tekniikan Akateemisten Liitto.

Kauppinen, K., & Kandolin, I. (1998). Gender and working conditions in the European Union. Dublin: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions.

Kauppinen-Toropainen, K. (1987). Ainokaiset tyyhteisösä[Loners in the working community], Työ ja Ihminen, 7(1), lisnumero 1.

Kauppinen-Toropainen, K. (1994). Women under a glass ceiling. In Women at the top: A study on women as leaders in the private sector (pp. 50-62). Helsinki: Tilastokeskus.

Koivunen, H. (2002). Suurmiehiäja piennaisia—Lasikaton mystiset rakenteet [Great men and small women—The mystical structures of the glass ceiling]. In R. Smeds, K. Kauppinen, K. Yrjnheikki, & A. Valtonen (Eds.), Tieto ja tekniikka—Missä on nainen? [Knowledge and technology—Where is the woman?] (pp. 132-148). Helsinki, Finland: Tekniikan Akateemisten Liitto.

Kruse, L., & Wintermantel, M. (1986). Leadership ms.-qualified: The gender bias in everyday and scientific thinking. In C. F. Graumann & S. Moscovici (Eds.), Changing conceptions of leadership (pp. 171-197). New York: Springer-Verlag.

Kuusipalo, J., Kauppinen, K., & Nuutinen, I. (2000). Life and career in north and south Europe. In M. Vianello & G. Moore (Eds.), Gendering elites: Economic and political leadership in 27 industrialised societies (pp. 177-188). Basingstoke, UK: Macmillan.

Lipman-Blumen, J. (1992). Connective leadership: Female leadership styles in the 21st century workplace. Sociological Perspectives, 35(1), 183-203.

Lips, H. M. (1997). Sex and gender: An introduction (3rd ed.). Mountain View, CA: Mayfield.

Lundberg, U., & Frankenhaeuser, M. (1999). Stress and workload of men and women in high-ranking positions. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 4, 142-151.

Malamuth, N. M., & Thornhill, N. W. (1994). Hostile masculinity, sexual aggression, and gender-biased domineeringness in conversations. Aggressive Behavior, 20(3), 185-193.

Manninen, M. (2002, October 1). Valtiopävä nuorentuivat ja naisistu-ivat [More young people and women in the parliament]. Helsingin Sanomat, p. C 3.

Martin, P. Y. (1996). Gendering and evaluating dynamics: Men, masculinities, and managements. In D. L. Collinson & J. Hearn (Eds.), Men as managers, managers as men: Critical perspectives on men, masculinities and management (pp. 186-209). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

McKenna, E. (2000). Business psychology and organisational behaviour: A student's handbook (3rd ed.). Hope, East Sussex, UK: Psychology Press.

Mehta, P., Dovidio, J.F., Gibbs, R., Miller, K., Huray, K., Ellyson, S.L., & Brown, C. E. (1989, April). Sex differences in the expression of power motives through visual dominance behavior. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Boston, MA.

Melkas, T. (1999). The Gender Barometer 1998. Helsinki, Finland: Tilastokeskus.

Melkas, T. (2002). The Gender Barometer 2001. Helsinki, Finland: Tilastokeskus.

Mintzberg, H. (1973). The nature of managerial work. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Mintzberg, H. (1989). Mintzberg on management. New York: Macmillan.

Moore, G., & Vianello, M. (2000). General conclusions. In M. Vianello & G. Moore (Eds.). Gendering elites: Economic and political leadership in 27 industrialised societies. (pp. 269-277). Basingstoke, UK: Macmillan.

Mulac, A. (1998). The gender-linked language effect: Do language differences really make a difference?. In D. J. Canary & K. Dindia (Eds.), Sex differences and similarities in communication: Critical essays and empirical investigations of sex and gender in interaction (pp. 127-153). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Nelson, D. L., & Burke, R. J. (2000). Women, work stress and health. In M. J. Davidson & R. J. Burke (Eds.), Women in management: Current research issues (Vol. 2, pp. 177-191). London: Sage.

Nicolson, P. (1996). Gender, power and organisation: A psychological perspective. London: Routledge.

Nordic Council of Ministers (1999). Women and men in the Nordic countries 1999: Facts and figures 1999 (TemaNord 1999:514). Copenhagen: Nordic Council of Ministers.

Oakley, J. G. (2000). Gender-based barriers to senior management positions: Understanding the scarcity of female CEOs. Journal of Business Ethics, 27, 321-334.

Powell, G. N. (1993). Women and men in management (2nd ed.). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Powell, G. N. (2000). The glass ceiling: Explaining the good and bad news. In M. J. Davidson & R. Burke (Eds.), Women in management: Current research issues (Vol. 2, pp. 236-250). London: Sage.

Pringle, R. (1988). Secretaries talk sexuality, power and work. London: Verso.

Ragins, B. R., & Sundstrm, E. (1989). Gender and power in organizations: A longitudinal perspective. Psychological Bulletin, 105, 51-88.

Rosener, J. (1990, November/December). Ways women lead. Harvard Business Review, pp. 119-125.

Ruckenstein, M. (2002). Teknologian lupaukset ja sukupuolen tulkinnat [The promises of technology and interpretations of gender]. In R. Smeds, K. Kauppinen, K. Yrjnheikki, & A. Valtonen (Eds.), Tieto ja tekniikka—Missa on nainen? [Knowledge and technology— Where is the woman?] (pp. 115-128). Helsinki, Finland: Tekniikan Akateemisten Liitto.

Sapp, S. G., Harrod, W. J., & Zhao, L. (1996). Leadership emergence in task groups with egalitarian gender-role expectations. Sex Roles, 34, 65-80.

Schein, V. E. (1973). The relationship between sex-role stereotypes and requisite management characteristics. Journal of Applied Psychology, 57(2), 95-100.

Schwartz, F. N. (2000). Management women and the new facts of life.Harvard business review on work and life balance (pp. 103-126). Boston: Harvard Business School Press. (Original work published 1989)

Steil, J. M., & Weltman, K. (1992). Influence strategies at home and work: a study of sixty dual career couples. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 9, 65-88.

Tainio, L. (2001). Puhuvan naisen paikka: Sukupuoli kulttuurisena kat-egoriana kielenkaytossa [A place for a talking woman: Gender as a cultural category in vocabulary]. Helsinki, Finland: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura.

Tainio, L. (2002). Naisten ja miesten kieli [Women's and men's language]. In R. Smeds, K. Kauppinen, K. Yrjnheikki, & A. Valtonen (Eds.), Tieto ja tekniikka—Missa on nainen? [Knowledge and technology— Where is the woman?] (pp. 260-269). Helsinki, Finland: Tekniikan Akateemisten Liitto.

Tannen, D. (1994). Talking from 9 to 5: How women's and men's conversational styles affect who gets heard, who gets credit, and what gets done at work. New York: William Morrow.

Travers, C., & Pemberton, C. (2000). Think career global, but act local: Understanding networking as a culturally differentiated career skill. In M. J. Davidson & R. Burke (Eds.), Women in management: Current research issues (Vol. 2, pp. 84-104). London: Sage.

United Nations Statistics Division (2000). United Nations World's Women 2000—report. Retrieved July 18, 2002, from

Vanhala, S. (2002, May). Under the glass ceiling: The triangle of work, career and family of women in middle management. Paper presented at the Second Annual Conference of the European Academy of Management on "Innovative Research in Management," Stockholm, Sweden.

Vianello, M., & Moore, G. (Eds.). (2000). Gendering elites: Economic and political leadership in 27 industrialised societies. Basingstoke, UK: Macmillan.

Wahl, A. (1992). Konsstrukturer i organisationer: Kvinnliga civilekonomers och civilingenjorers karriarutveckling [Gender structures in organizations: Female business graduates' and engineers' career development]. Stockholm, Sweden: Fritze.

Watson, C. (1988). When a woman is the boss. Dilemmas in taking charge. Group and Organization Studies, 13(2), 163-181.

Weiss, J. W. (1996). Organizational behaviour and change. Managing diversity, cross-cultural dynamics and ethics. USA: West Publishing Company.

Whyte, M. K. (1978). The status of women in preindustrial societies. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Wilson, F. M. (1995). Organizational behavior and gender. Maidenhead, UK: McGraw-Hill.

Wirth, L. (2001). Breaking through the glass ceiling: Women in management. Geneva: International Labor Office.

Woodward, A. E. (1996). Multinational masculinities and European bureaucracies. In D. L. Collinson & J. Hearn (Eds.), Men as managers, managers as men: Critical perspectives on men, masculinities and management (pp. 167-185). London: Sage.

Zuboff, S. (1988). In the age of the smart machine. New York: Basic Books.

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

If Pregnancy Is Something That Frightens You, It's Time To Convert Your Fear Into Joy. Ready To Give Birth To A Child? Is The New Status Hitting Your State Of Mind? Are You Still Scared To Undergo All The Pain That Your Best Friend Underwent Just A Few Days Back? Not Convinced With The Answers Given By The Experts?

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment