Sex Trait Stereotype Development in the United States

In the USA children acquire knowledge of sex-trait stereotypes somewhat later than stereotypic knowledge of toys and occupations (Best et al., 1977; Reis & Wright, 1982). Williams and Best (Best et al., 1977; Williams & Best, 1990a) developed the Sex Stereotype Measure II (SSM II) to assess children's knowledge of adult-defined stereotypes. In this picture-story measure children are shown silhouette drawings of a male and a female, they are read a story containing a stereotype trait, and they are asked to indicate which person the story is about. European American children show a consistent pattern of increasing knowledge from kindergarten through high school, similar to a typical learning curve. The most dramatic increases in stereotype knowledge occur in the early elementary school years, with scores reaching a plateau in the junior high years. African American children's scores increase with age but are lower than those of the European American children, perhaps suggesting slightly different stereotypes for the two groups.

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

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