Spatial

Spatial ability differs between the sexes in polygynous species; males, who search for mates, tend to have greater spatial abilities than females. For example, among voles (small mouse-like creatures) males in polygynous species (who search for females) have better developed spatial abilities than females, and than males in closely related monogamous species (Gaulin & Fitzgerald, 1986; Gaulin & Hoffman, 1988). In humans, men and women use different cues for spatial orientation (McBurney, Gaulin, Devinieni, & Adams, 1997); women tend to use landmarks, while men tend to use directional cues. Scholars suggest that this is related to past pressures of men's hunting versus women's gathering (Silverman & Eals, 1992; Silverman & Phillips, 1998). As noted above, Munroe et al. (1985) also suggest that practice in navigating spatially (e.g., distance from home in young children) contributes to boys' abilities.

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

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