Spatial ability differs between the sexes in polygynous species; males, who search for mates, tend to have greater spatial abilities than females. For example, among voles (small mouse-like creatures) males in polygynous species (who search for females) have better developed spatial abilities than females, and than males in closely related monogamous species (Gaulin & Fitzgerald, 1986; Gaulin & Hoffman, 1988). In humans, men and women use different cues for spatial orientation (McBurney, Gaulin, Devinieni, & Adams, 1997); women tend to use landmarks, while men tend to use directional cues. Scholars suggest that this is related to past pressures of men's hunting versus women's gathering (Silverman & Eals, 1992; Silverman & Phillips, 1998). As noted above, Munroe et al. (1985) also suggest that practice in navigating spatially (e.g., distance from home in young children) contributes to boys' abilities.

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

If Pregnancy Is Something That Frightens You, It's Time To Convert Your Fear Into Joy. Ready To Give Birth To A Child? Is The New Status Hitting Your State Of Mind? Are You Still Scared To Undergo All The Pain That Your Best Friend Underwent Just A Few Days Back? Not Convinced With The Answers Given By The Experts?

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