St Lawrence Island Population Characteristics

Total island population, according to the United States 2000 Census, was 1,292, with residents equally divided between Gambell and Savoonga. Like most contemporary rural Eskimo communities, the islanders support themselves by combining wage labor and subsistence work: marine mammal hunting, fishing, gathering of greens and berries, and related food-management tasks. Unlike most other Eskimo communities, kinship among St Lawrence Islanders is figured unilineally rather than bilaterally, and a distinguishing characteristic of St Lawrence Island and Chukotkan Yupik societies is patrilineal descent and overlapping patriclan-type units (Hughes, 1958, 1960). The island's engagement in the American capitalist system and the traditional subsistence system along with its continued adherence to a patrilineal kinship system are integral to understanding island gender concepts. Most importantly, the island is American, with all that this implies, and has been since 1867. Children and adults participate fully in contemporary American culture while maintaining a modern form of traditional Yupik culture.

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

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