Berries

Berry is a general term for fruits that are usually small, rounded, and pulpy with seeds embedded in a juicy flesh. The term is loosely applied to a range of fruits belonging to vastly diverse botanical families. Aside from the more popular berries such as the blackberry, blueberry, cranberry, currant, raspberry, and strawberry, there are a host of less common species, each with its own distinctive shape, color, fragrance, and taste. Berries were a staple in the diets of our...

Where Are the Whole Grains

Whole-grain bread products are labeled as whole grain, whole wheat, or rye. In contrast, bread products labeled as made with wheat, cracked wheat, seven-grain, multi-grain, stone-ground wheat, or any of several other names contain mostly refined flour and lack the health-promoting effects of a whole-grain product. How much fiber will you find in the foods you eat Apple with skin 1 medium 4 Orange juice 3 4 cup Less than 1 Strawberries 1 cup halves 4 Broccoli, cooked 1 2 cup 2 Potato, baked with...

Common Spices

Also known as Jamaican pepper, allspice is ground from the hard brown berries of the allspice tree, which grows in Mexico and throughout the Caribbean. Allspice is so named because it imparts the flavor of nutmeg, cloves, and cinnamon. An excellent addition to marinades, allspice is also used to flavor cured and jerked meat, desserts, and sauces. It is also an ingredient in gingerbread. The finest allspice trees are thought to be grown in Jamaica. Use the spice sparingly to avoid overpowering...

Nutrition and Your Stage of Life

Choosing to eat wisely throughout life is one of the most important components of living a healthful lifestyle. Using the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and Food Guide Pyramid as standards for your food choices and amounts, you will be well on your way to establishing healthful eating habits for your entire life. Unfortunately, many people become discouraged by nutrition advice because they mistakenly think they cannot eat their favorite foods. A more positive and encouraging approach is to...

Mushroom

Mushrooms are fleshy fungi, only some of which are edible. They usually have thick stems and rounded caps with radiating gills on the underside. The caps can be smooth or bumpy, honeycombed or ruffled, ranging in size from less than 1 2 inch in diameter to 12 inches and in color from snowy white to black, with a broad spectrum of colors in between. They can be soft or crunchy, and they range in flavor from bland to nutty and earthy. Scientific name Agaricus bispo Common name mushroom Cooked...

Migraines and Cheese

Migraines, also called vascular headaches, are thought to involve blood vessels in the brain, although the exact cause is unknown. Some cheeses contain a naturally occurring compound called tyramine, which, in susceptible people, can cause an increase in blood pressure, an increase in the size of blood vessels in the brain, and headache pain. For people who take drugs called monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), avoidance of all foods containing tyramine including aged cheeses is essential....

Index

Acceptable daily intakes, sweeteners, 21-23 coronary artery disease, 65 hypertension, 54 osteoporosis, 68 AI, see Adequate Intake Aim for Fitness, as dietary guidelines for Americans, 8-9 Albumen, egg, 297 Alcohol cancer, 77 health, 387 hypertension, 56 limiting amount, daily, 86, 87 osteoporosis, 73 Alcoholic beverages distilled spirits, 480-481 during supper, 86-87 wine, 384-385, 480-481 Ale, 386 Alfalfa, 325 Alligator pear, 157 Allium ampeloprasum, 243 Allium cepa, 247 Allium cepa var....

A

Hominy is the starchy endosperm of maize (corn) kernels. It can be thought of as the naked kernels that remain after the tough hull (pericarp) and oily germ have been removed. The hull is removed by soaking corn kernels in water mixed with lime, lye, or wood ashes. This process not only loosens the hulls but also unbinds the vitamin niacin and makes it absorbable in the digestive tract. In its dry form, hominy is sold either cracked (samp) or ground (grits). Hominy also is sold canned and ready...

The Dietary Reference Intakes DRIs

We all need the same nutrients, but the amounts we need depend on our age, sex, and a few other factors. For example, women who are pregnant or breastfeeding need more of most nutrients. The Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, a group of nutritional scientists from the United States and Canada, has established the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs), a set of recommendations for nutrient intake. The DRIs are age- and sex-specific. With the exception...

Fruits

Our earliest ancestors built their diets entirely of vegetables, fruits, seeds, grains, legumes, and nuts. Throughout history, fruit has referred to any plant used as a food. More recently, fruit has come to mean the edible pulp or fleshy layer around a seed. In the 18th century, the word acquired a botanical definition the organ derived from the ovary and surrounding the seed. At the same time, culinary custom defined fruits by their sweetness (or the balance of sweet to sour) and by how they...

Abby Wyckoff Food Stylist

What we eat has a profound effect on our health and our enjoyment of life. Although there is a large amount of valid scientific information dealing with various aspects of nutrition, there is, unfortunately, even more misinformation. The average person thus has difficulty separating fact from fiction. A team of experts from Mayo Clinic, the University of California Los Angeles, and Dole Food Company, Inc., wrote this book. The team included physicians,...