• The liver stores fat until it is required, then breaks it down to provide energy
• Urea is manufactured from excess amino acids
• Detoxification of poisons and drugs takes place
Carotene is synthesized from vitamin A Antibodies and antitoxins are manufactured The manufacture of heparin takes place The liver is the main heat-producing organ of the body Synthesis of plasma proteins occurs Uric acid and urea are broken down from worn-out cells Prothrombin and fibrinogen are synthesized from amino acids (Jackson, 1979).
The liver has the ability to regenerate itself if needed. The liver supplies various chemical substances to the body via the blood supply through the hepatic vein. Waste is secreted via the hepatic ducts that form part of the common bile duct. The liver acts as a storage area for vitamins A, D and B12. Harmful and poisonous substances absorbed by the intestines are stopped from circulating in the blood supply by the liver.
The liver produces about 1 litre of bile every day; it is stored in the gallbladder and enters the duodenum via the bile duct.
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