Organization of a Pharmaceutical Company

Collaboration Mapping Diagram

A pharmaceutical company that is complete in all the necessary research and business operations and divisions is called a fully integrated pharmaceutical company (FIPCO). A FIPCO contains eight operating divisions. The eight divisions of a FIPCO are presented in the next diagram (Fig. 1.23). Research and development (R& D) and Fig. 1.23. Fully Integrated Pharmaceutical Company Fig. 1.23. Fully Integrated Pharmaceutical Company sales and marketing (S& M) divisions house the largest number...

Contract Research Organizations CROs

As the pharmaceutical industry has expanded and matured, industry managers have become increasingly sensitized to the need to operate the clinical operations area as a scientific business in relation to the maintenance of large in-house clinical development organizations (Fig. 8.28). In response to these concerns, contract research organizations (CROs) began to spring up during the 1970s and to play a progressively more prominent role in the industry over the subsequent three decades. CROs have...