Identification of pathways of tumor spread is important for surgical planning in order to achieve a margin-negative resection, particularly when the tumor spreads beyond the usual extent of pancreaticoduodenectomy. The anatomic relationship between the pancreas and peripancreatic vessels and the knowledge of the pathways of lymphatic drainage of the pancreas are important to define the extent of the disease before definitive surgery, which carries a high risk and a marginal long-term result.

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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