Congenital pancreatic cysts may be single or multiple. Multiple true pancreatic cysts are more common than single ones and have been found in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, von Hippel-Lindau disease (an autosomal dominant trait), and cystic fibrosis.106,107 Pancreatic cysts or macrocystic adenomas are seen in more than one-half of patients with von Hippel-Lindau disease. Demonstration of pancreatic cysts on CT, MRI, or ultrasound associated with evidence of retinal an-giomatosis, cerebellar hemangioblastoma, and cysts of various organs and with family history is diagnostic (Fig. 2-56).
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This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.