1. Balthazar EJ: intestinal malrotation in adults: Roentgenographs assessment with emphasis on isolated complete and partial nonrotations. AJR 1976; 126:358-367.

2. Wang CA, Welch CE: Anomalies of intestinal rotation in adolescents and adults. Surgery 1963; 54:839-855.

3. Gale ME, Gerzof SG, Kiser LC, et al: CT appearance of afferent loop obstruction. AJR 1982; 138: 1085-1088.

4. Jaramillo D, Raval B: CT diagnosis of primary small-bowel volvulus. AJR 1986; 147:941-942.

5. Lieberman JM, Haaga JR: Case report: Duodenal malrotation. J Comput Assist Tomogr 1982; 6(5): 1019-1020.

6. Jones TW: Paraduodenal hernia and hernias of the foramen of Winslow. In Hernia. Edited by IM Ny-hus, HN Harkins. JB Lippincott, Philadelphia, 1964, pp 577-601.

7. Mueller EC: Congenital internal hernia. Am J Surg 1959; 97:201-204.

8. Pennell TC, Shaffner LS: Congenital internal hernia. Surg Clin North Am 1971; 51:1355-1359.

9. Zimmerman LM, Laufman H: Intra-abdominal hernias due to developmental and rotational anomalies. Ann Surg 1953; 138:82-91.

10. Hardy JD: Problems associated with gastric surgery: Review of 604 consecutive patients with annotation. Am J Surg 1964; 108:699-716.

11. Vitello JM, Rutledge RH: Retroanastomotic hernia. In Hernia, 4th ed. Edited by LM Nyhus, RE Condon. JB Lippincott, Philadelphia, 1995, pp 475-484.

12. Mock CJ, Mock HE Jr: Strangulated internal hernia associated with trauma. Arch Surg 1958; 77:881886.

13. Stone AM, Janin Y, Wise L: Mesenteric hernia. In Hernia, 4th ed. Edited by LM Nyhus, RE Condon. JB Lippincott, Philadelphia, 1995, pp 467474.

14. Murphy DA: Internal hernias in infancy and childhood. Surgery 1964; 55:311-315.

15. Williams AJ: Roentgen diagnosis of intra-abdominal hernia. An evaluation of the roentgen findings. Radiology 1952; 59:817-825.

16. Ghahremani GG, Meyers MA: Internal abdominal hernias. Curr Probl Radiol 1975; 5:1-30.

17. Meyers MA: Paraduodenal hernias. Radiologic and arteriographic diagnosis. Radiology 1970; 95:29-37.

18. Bertelsen S, Christiansen J: Internal hernia through mesenteric and mesocolic defects. A review of the literature and a report oftwo cases. Acta Chir Scand 1967; 133:426-428.

19. Nathan H: Internal hernia. J Int Coll Surg 1960; 34:563-571.

20. Parsons PB: Paraduodenal hernia. AJR 1953; 69: 563-589.

21. Hansmann GH, Morton SA: Intra-abdominal hernia. Report of a case and review of the literature. Arch Surg 1939; 39:973-986.

22. Berens JJ: Small internal hernias in the paraduode-nal area. Arch Surg 1963; 86:726-732.

23. Callander CL, Rusk GY, Nemir A: Mechanism, symptoms, and treatment of hernia into descending mesocolon (left duodenal hernia); plea for change in nomenclature. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1935; 60:1052-1071.

24. Roberts WH, Dalgleish AE: Internal hernia of em-bryological origin. Anat Rec 1966; 155:279-285.

25. Moynihan BGA: On Retroperitoneal Hernia. Duodenal folds and fossae. Bailliere, Tindall and Cox, London, 1889, pp 19-70.

26. Landzert: Über die hernie Retroperitonealis (Treitz) und ihre Beziehungen zur Fossa duodeno-jejunalis. St Petersb Med Ztschr, MF 1871; 2:306350.

27. Meyers MA: Arteriographic diagnosis of internal (left paraduodenal) hernia. Radiology 1969; 92: 1035-1037.

28. Waldeyer W: Hernia retroperitonealis, nebst Ber-merkungen zur Anatomie des Peritoneums. Arch Pathol Anat 1874; 60:66-92.

29. Filtzer H, Sedgewick CE: Strangulated paraduo-denal hernia. Report of a case. Surg Clin North Am 1973; 53:371-374.

30. Freund H, Berlatzky Y: Small paraduodenal hernias. Arch Surg 1977; 112:1180-1183.

31. Mayo CW, Stalker LK, Miller JM: Intra-abdominal hernia. Review of 39 cases in which treatment was surgical. Ann Surg 1941; 114:875-885.

32. Ghahremani GG, Meyers MA: Hernias. In Surgical Radiology. Edited by JG Teplick, ME Haskin. WB Saunders, Philadelphia, 1981.

33. Schlaffer GJ, Groell R, Kammerhuber F, et al: Anterior and upward displacement of the inferior mes-enteric vein: A new diagnostic clue to left paradu-odenal hernias? Abdom Imaging. 1999; 24:29-31.

34. Lechner G, Gebhardt HD: Rechtseitäge paraduodenale Hernie. Fortschr Roentgenstr 1966; 105: 904-907.

35. Day DL, Drake DG, Leonard AS, et al: CT findings in left paraduodenal herniae. Gastrointest Radiol 1988; 13(1):27-29.

36. Passas V, Karavias D, Grilias D, et al: Computed tomography of left paraduodenal hernia. J Comput Assist Tomogr 1986; 10(3):542-543.

37. Warshauer DM, Mauro MA: CT diagnosis of paraduodenal hernia. Gastrointest Radiol 1992; 17: 13-15.

38. Ghahremani GG: Abdominal and Pelvic Hernias. In Textbook of Gastrointestinal Radiology. Edited by Gore RM, Levine MS, Laufer I. WB Saunders, Philadelphia, 1994.

39. Olazabal O, Guasch I, Casas D: Case report: CT diagnosis of nonobstructive left paraduodenal hernia. Clin Radiol 1992; 46:288-289.

40. Vohra R, Gothi R, Doda SS et al: CT features of left paraduodenal hernia: A case report. Asian Oceanian J Radiol 1996; 1:45-47.

41. Nichols DM, Li DK: Superior mesenteric vein rotation: A CT sign of midgut malrotation. AJR 1983; 141:707-708.

42. Schatzkes D, Gordon DH, Haller JO, et al: Malrotation of the bowel: Malalignment of the superior mesenteric artery-vein complex by CT and MR. J Comput Assist Tomogr 1990; 14:93-95.

43. Zerin JM, DiPietro MA: Mesenteric vascular anatomy at CT: Normal and abnormal appearances. Radiology 1991; 179:739-742.

44. Chou CK, Chang JM, Tzeng WS: CT of the mesenteric vascular anatomy. Abdom Imaging 1997; 22:477-482.

45. Fischer JK: Computed tomographic diagnosis of volvulus in intestinal malrotation. Radiology 1981; 140:145-146.

46. Fujimoto K, Nakamura K, Nishio H, et al: Whirl sign as CT finding in small-bowel volvulus. Eur Ra-diol 1995; 5:555-557.

47. Chou CK, Tsai TC: Small bowel volvulus. Abdom Imaging 1995; 20:431-435.

48. Izes BA, Scholz FJ, Munson JL: Midgut volvulus in an elderly patient. Gastrointest Radiol 1992; 17: 102-104.

49. Bernstein SM, Russ PD: Midgut volvulus: A rare cause of acute abdomen in an adult patient. AJR 1998; 171:639-641.

50. Pracros JP, Sann L, Genin G, et al: Ultrasound diagnosis of midgut volvulus: The "whirlpool" sign. Pediatr Radiol 1992; 22:18-20.

51. Hayden CK Jr: Ultrasonography of the gastrointestinal tract in infants and children. Abdom Imaging 1996; 21:9-20.

52. Buranasiri S, Baum S, Nusbaum M, et al: The an-giographic diagnosis of midgut malrotation with volvulus in adults. Radiology 1973; 109:555-556.

53. Griska LB, Popky GL: Angiography in midgut malrotation in intestinal malrotation. Radiology 1981; 140:145-146.

54. Sieck JO, Cowgill R, Larkworthy W: Peritoneal encapsulation and abdominal cocoon: Case reports and a review of the literature. Gastroenterology 1983; 84:1597-1601.

55. Casas JD, Mariscal A, Martinez N: Peritoneal encapsulation: AJR 1998; 171:1017-1019.

56. Oriuchi T, Kinouchi Y, Hiwatashi N, et al: Bilateral paraduodenal hernias: Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging appearance. Abdom Imaging 1998; 23:278-280.

57. Erskine JM: Hernia through the foramen of Win-slow. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1967; 125:1093-1109.

58. Dardik H, Cowen R: Herniation of the gallbladder through the epiploic foramen into the lesser sac. Ann Surg 1967; 165:644-646.

59. Vint WA: Herniation of the gallbladder through the epiploic foramen into the lesser sac: Radiologic diagnosis. Radiology 1966; 86:1035-1040.

60. Popky GL, Lapayowker MS: Persistent descending mesocolon. Radiology 1966; 86:327-331.

61. Hollenberg MS: Radiographic diagnosis of hernia into the lesser peritoneal sac through the foramen of Winslow. Report of a case. Surgery 1945; 18: 498-502.

62. Khilnani MT, Lautkin A, Wolf BS: Internal hernia through the foramen of Winslow. J Mount Sinai Hosp 1959; 26:188-193.

63. Henisz A, Matesanz J, Westcott JL: Cecal herniation through the foramen of Winslow. Radiology 1974; 112:575-578.

64. Cimmino CV: Lesser sac hernia via the foramen of Winslow. A case report. Radiology 1953; 60: 57-59.

65. Stankey RM: Intestinal herniation through the foramen of Winslow. Radiology 1967; 89:929-930.

66. Lefort H, Dax H, Vallet G: Herniation through the foramen of Winslow (roentgenologic and clinical considerations based on an analysis of 25 cases). J Radiol 1967; 48:157-166.

67. Schwartz A, Feuchtwanger MM: Hernia through the foramen of Winslow. Isr J Med Sci 1968; 4: 117-121.

68. Goldberger LE, Berk RN: Cecal hernia into lesser sac. Gastrointest Radiol 1980; 5:169-172.

69. Wojtasek DA, Codner MA, Nowak EJ: CT diagnosis of cecal herniation through the foramen of Winslow. Gastrointest Radiol 1991; 16:77-79.

70. Oldfield AL, Wilbur AC: Retrogastric colon: CT demonstration of anatomic variations. Radiology 1993; 186:557-561.

71. Inoue Y, Nakamura H, Mizumoto S, et al: Lesser sac hernia through the gastrocolic ligament: CT diagnosis. Abdom Imaging 1996; 21:145-147.

72. Tran TL, Regan F, Al-Kutobi MAO: Computed tomography of lesser sac hernia through the gastro-hepatic omentum. Br J Radiol 1991; 64:372-374.

73. Rooney JA, Carroll JP, Keeley JL: Internal hernias due to defects in the meso-appendix and mesentery of small bowel, and probable Ivemark syndrome. Report of two cases. Ann Surg 1963; 157:254-258.

74. Dalinka MK, Wunder JF, Wolfe RD: Internal hernia through the mesentery of a Meckel's diverticulum. Radiology 1970; 95:39-40.

75. Maglinte DDT, Herlinger H, Nolan DJ: Radiologic features of closed loop obstruction: Analysis of 25 confirmed cases. Radiology 1991; 179:383-387.

76. Miller PA, Mezwa DG, Feczko P, et al: Imaging of abdominal hernias. RadioGraphics 1995; 15:333347.

77. Cohen AM, Patel S: Arteriographic findings in congenital transmesenteric internal hernia. AJR 1979; 133:541-543.

78. Kondi ES, Gallitano AL, Katz SJ: A new variant of intra-abdominal hernia. Ann Surg 1975; 181:442446.

79. Gallagher HW: Spontaneous herniation through the transverse mesocolon: A review of the literature and the report of a case. Br J Surg 1949; 36:300305.

80. Meyers MA' Whalen JP: Roentgen significance of the duodenocolic relationships. An anatomic approach. AJR 1973; 117:263-274.

81. Carlisle BB' Killen DA: Spontaneous transverse me-socolic hernia with re-entry into the greater peritoneal cavity: Report of a case with review of the literature. Surgery 1967; 62:268-273.

82. Estrada RL: Hernias Involving the Falciform Ligament. In Internal Abdominal Hernias. RG Landes' Austin' TX' 1994' pp 195-204.

83. Walker S' Baer JW: Herniation of small bowel through the falciform ligament: CT demonstration. Abdom Imaging 1995; 20:161-163.

84. Chevrel JP' Duchene P' Salama G: Anatomical bases of intrahepatic bilio-digestive anastomoses. Acta Clin 1980; 2:159-167.

85. Mizumoto R' Kawarada Y' Suzuki H: Surgical treatment of hilar carcinoma of the bile duct. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1986; 162:153-158.

86. Morton CB' Alrich EM' Hill LD: Internal hernia after gastrectomy. Ann Surg 1955; 141:759-764.

87. Sabesta DG' Robson MC: Petersen's retroanasto-motic hernia. Am J Surg 1968; 116:450-453.

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment