Pfo

Echocardiography Images

Fig. 10. Color flow Doppler demonstrates the presence of the coronary sinus ASD with left-to-right shunt. Note also the small shunt arising from a patent foramen ovale (PFO).

should be used to confirm the presence of this defect and associated pathology (Fig. 10). Intravenous injection of agitated saline contrast into the left arm can be used to evaluate the site of drainage of the left SVC (Fig. 11).

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