Deferoxamine Challenge Test

This test is sometimes performed in cases where toxicity is not clear and laboratory results are still pending 1st 6 h . The patient is given deferoxamine 50 mg kg up to 1 g IM, and all the urine is collected. If the urine turns a vin rose color, the test is positive and chelation is continued intravenously. However it is important to note that the urine color change is an insensitive marker and that a negative challenge test does not rule out the presence of iron toxicity. For that reason,...

Characteristic and Common Rashes with Fever

There are distinct and classic patterns of rashes of which the emergency physician should be aware. Familiarity with the classic presentations of rashes in children will allow for the prompt recognition and treatment of many commonly seen conditions in the emergency department. Regrettably, many rashes look alike. Fortunately, many rashes require the same treatment i.e., antipyretics . This section will review some commonly seen rashes in children and those with distinct clinical patterns or...