Anatomy

The thoracolumbar spine (TLS) is relatively more protected and stable than the cervical spine. Vertebrae T1 through T10 are fixed, owing to their articulation with the thoracic cage. Large forces are required to fracture thoracic vertebrae and neurologic abnormalities are common. The mobility of the thoracolumbar junction predisposes it to injury. The thoracolumbar junction is second only to the cervical spine in frequency of injury. The spinal cord ends at approximately L1 at the conus medullaris. The individual nerve roots extending from the conus medullaris constitute the cauda equina. These nerve roots are less susceptible to damage and neurologic injury, as trauma to the lower lumbar and sacral segments occurs less often and is less severe.

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Peripheral Neuropathy Natural Treatment Options

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