Bag Valve Mask

The self-inflating bag-valve mask system is most commonly used for ventilation. Ventilation bags used for infants and children should have a minimum volume of 450 mL. There is a common misconception that children are more susceptible to pneumothoraces at high inspiratory pressures. In fact, pediatric lung compliance is very good, and children can tolerate relatively high pressures. Pneumothoraces more commonly result from the administration of excessive tidal volume. The tidal volume necessary to ventilate children is the same as that for adults: 10 to 15 mL/kg. Since it is impractical to calculate the tidal volume in emergency situations, start ventilating with the smallest volume that causes adequate chest rise. Careful monitoring of the rate of ventilation is crucial to avoid excessive hyperventilation, a very common mistake.

Free Yourself from Panic Attacks

Free Yourself from Panic Attacks

With all the stresses and strains of modern living, panic attacks are become a common problem for many people. Panic attacks occur when the pressure we are living under starts to creep up and overwhelm us. Often it's a result of running on the treadmill of life and forgetting to watch the signs and symptoms of the effects of excessive stress on our bodies. Thankfully panic attacks are very treatable. Often it is just a matter of learning to recognize the symptoms and learn simple but effective techniques that help you release yourself from the crippling effects a panic attack can bring.

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